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Re: st: RE: match variable across two tables


From   Rongrong Zhang <r05zhang@gmail.com>
To   statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
Subject   Re: st: RE: match variable across two tables
Date   Sat, 21 Dec 2013 08:33:45 -0500

Hi Sarah,

after importing, naics1 was set to str, naics2-8 were set to long, as
I said previously, I used File-Import-ASCII data created by
spreadsheet, then stata imported my txt file for me, my first
observation has non-missing data for naics1 and all missing for
naics2-8, I guess that is why stata assigned different types to
them.and the log shows command insheet was used.
 insheet using "C:\Users\Questions\Stata list\I-O table__Cleaned.txt"

Best,
Rochelle

On Fri, Dec 20, 2013 at 6:05 PM, Sarah Edgington <sedging@ucla.edu> wrote:
> Rochelle,
> The error message isn't because the naics variables are missing, it's because naics2 (and presumably all of naics2-naics8?) are a different variable type than naics1.  However, reshaping when all but 1 of the variables being reshaped contain all missing values isn't going to get you what you want.
>
> It sounds like something is going awry with your import process.  If I understand you correctly you're saying that naics2-naics8 are missing for all observations not just the first two that you show, right?
> Are the codes all being read into the naics1 variable?  That is, is naics1 a string variable containing multiple codes separated by spaces?  If that's the case you'll want to drop naics2-naics8 and separate naics1 into multiple variables before reshaping.
> -Sarah
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu [mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] On Behalf Of Rongrong Zhang
> Sent: Friday, December 20, 2013 2:06 PM
> To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
> Subject: Re: st: RE: match variable across two tables
>
> THANKS! I use import wizard and get the data into stata .
>
> data looks like:
> ionumber ioname naics1 naics2 naics3 naics4 naics5 naics6 naics7 naics8
> 1110  Crop production 111 . . . . . . .
> 1111A0 Oilseed farming    11111 . . . . . . .
>
>
> that is missing for naics2 ~8.
>
>  insheet using "C:\Users\Questions\Stata list\I-O table__Cleaned.txt"
> (10 vars, 564 obs)
>
> I got an error here:
>
> reshape long naics, i(ionumber) j(code) string
> (note: j = 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8)
> naics2 type mismatch with other naics variables
>
> I did not have this error when I use your entire program, that is , when I use your input, then split codelist,
>
> I wonder if my error is caused by missing values in naics2
>
> On Fri, Dec 20, 2013 at 4:40 PM, Robert Picard <picard@netbox.com> wrote:
>> I added double quotes so that your few lines of data could be read
>> inline using -input- (since Statalist does not allow attachments). You
>> most certainly do not need to input your data into Stata using the
>> same command. See -help import- to find better ways to do it.
>>
>> Robert
>>
>> On Fri, Dec 20, 2013 at 4:31 PM, Rongrong Zhang <r05zhang@gmail.com> wrote:
>>> Dear Roberts,
>>>
>>> Please excuse my late response.  Thanks so very much for your code !!!
>>> Words can't express my gratitude.
>>>
>>> my original data has over 600 rows (the I-O table), I posted only a
>>> few lines to save space. My question - to add quotes like in your
>>> program
>>>
>>> "1110" "Crop production"
>>>
>>> is there a stata tool that does it automatically or do I need to
>>> insert it manually for all 600 rows?
>>>
>>> Merry Christmas!
>>>
>>> Rochelle
>>>
>>> On Thu, Dec 19, 2013 at 12:22 PM, Robert Picard <picard@netbox.com> wrote:
>>>> No need to talk about "fuzzy" matching as NAISC codes are defined
>>>> hierarchically. If you do not match at the 6-digit level, you can
>>>> try again using 5-digit codes, and so on.
>>>>
>>>> Your first problem is to reshape Table 1 data from wide to long
>>>> format. Your "I-O number codes" are clearly not valid NAISC codes so
>>>> the target becomes creating a crosswalk between valid NAICS to "I-O
>>>> number codes".
>>>>
>>>> Once you have the crosswalk, you can do an exact match using -merge-.
>>>> For all NAICS code that did not find an exact match, you can do an
>>>> update merge to find matching "I-O numbers" using 5-digit NAISC codes.
>>>> You can then repeat down to 2-digit NAICS if you want to.
>>>>
>>>> Robert
>>>>
>>>> * ----------------- begin example ------------------------ clear
>>>> input str6 ionumber str244 ioname str244 codelist "1110" "Crop
>>>> production"
>>>> "1111A0" "Oilseed farming" "11111 11112"
>>>> "1111B0" "Grain farming" "11113 11114 11115 11116 11119"
>>>> "111200" "Vegetable and melon farming" "1112"
>>>> "111400" "Greenhouse and nursery production" "1114"
>>>> "111910" "Tobacco farming" "11191"
>>>> "111920" "Cotton farming" "11192"
>>>> "1119A0" "Sugarcane and sugar beet" "11193 111991"
>>>> "1119B0" "All other crop farming" "11194 111992 111998"
>>>> end
>>>> compress
>>>>
>>>> * split into separate codes and reshape long split codelist,
>>>> gen(naics) reshape long naics, i(ionumber) j(code) string
>>>>
>>>> * drop obs with missing codes
>>>> bysort ionumber (code): drop if mi(naics) & _n > 1 replace naics =
>>>> ionumber if mi(naics)
>>>>
>>>> * remove trailing zeros
>>>> replace naics = regexr(naics,"0+$","")
>>>>
>>>> * save naics to ionumber crosswalk
>>>> isid naics, sort
>>>> list, noobs sepby(ionumber)
>>>> tempfile table1
>>>> save "`table1'"
>>>>
>>>> clear
>>>> input str6 naics
>>>> "111"
>>>> "1111"
>>>> "111150"
>>>> "111199"
>>>> "111219"
>>>> "111310"
>>>> "111320"
>>>> "111332"
>>>> "111334"
>>>> "111335"
>>>> "111339"
>>>> "1114"
>>>> "111411"
>>>> "111419"
>>>> "111421"
>>>> "111422"
>>>> "111920"
>>>> "111930"
>>>> "111940"
>>>> "111998"
>>>> end
>>>> gen table2id = _n
>>>> replace naics = regexr(naics,"0+$","")
>>>>
>>>> * do an exact match using the crosswalk merge 1:1 naics using
>>>> "`table1'", keepusing(ionumber) /// keep(master match) nogen
>>>>
>>>> * for obs that did not match, try again using 5 digits.
>>>> clonevar naics6 = naics
>>>> replace naics = substr(naics6,1,5)
>>>> merge m:1 naics using "`table1'", keepusing(ionumber) /// update
>>>> gen(merge5) drop if merge5 == 2
>>>>
>>>> * repeat for 4-digit naics
>>>> replace naics = substr(naics6,1,4)
>>>> merge m:1 naics using "`table1'", keepusing(ionumber) /// update
>>>> gen(merge4) drop if merge4 == 2
>>>>
>>>> * repeat for 3-digit naics
>>>> replace naics = substr(naics6,1,3)
>>>> merge m:1 naics using "`table1'", keepusing(ionumber) /// update
>>>> gen(merge3) drop if merge3 == 2
>>>> * --------------------------- end example ---------------
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> On Wed, Dec 18, 2013 at 9:52 PM, Rongrong Zhang <r05zhang@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>> Hi Sarah,
>>>>>
>>>>> Thanks so much for your questions.  Let me try to answer them in
>>>>> the order they were posted.
>>>>>
>>>>> Yes, I plan to drop trailing zeros and take all the nonzero digits
>>>>> as match criteria. In this case, you are correct in terms of - I
>>>>> need processing the data first. - should I use trim ()?
>>>>>
>>>>> your next question: the structure of data in table 1: do I have a
>>>>> single variable that has multiple codes in it. I assume you are
>>>>> asking:
>>>>>
>>>>> e.g 1111B0    Grain farming    corresponds to 5 different NAICS code
>>>>>  and they are    11113      11114      11115 11116      11119.
>>>>>
>>>>> suppose all these 5 NAICS codes are present in my Table 2, I would
>>>>> like to have 5 rows in my final output table like this:
>>>>>
>>>>> 1111B0   11113
>>>>> 1111B0   11114
>>>>> 1111B0   11115
>>>>> 1111B0   11116
>>>>> 1111B0   11119
>>>>>
>>>>> next question : the rule that make an entry a match. If I require 5
>>>>> or
>>>>> 6 digit match, then these two tables may not produce many matches.
>>>>> that is why I thought of 4 digit matches. Ideally I would like to
>>>>> do both exact and "fuzzy" match e.g. using 4 digit, so I have the
>>>>> flexibility to control my sample size.
>>>>>
>>>>> If you or others have questions or suggestions, please let me know.
>>>>>
>>>>> thanks,
>>>>>
>>>>> On Wed, Dec 18, 2013 at 3:05 PM, Sarah Edgington <sedging@ucla.edu> wrote:
>>>>>> Rochelle,
>>>>>> This looks like it may be a pretty complicated problem.  I don't immediately have any suggestions because I'm not sure I understand either the exact structure of your data or the matching rules you want to follow.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> You say that if you use exact matching that you want I-O number 1111B0 to match with NAICS code 111150.  I take it that is an "exact match" because you want to drop the trailing zero in the NAICS code.  So, since 11115 appears in the list of NAICS codes for 1111B0, it would match to 111150 in table 2.  This is not to my mind an "exact match" because it requires first modifying the NAICS code in table 2 before you can match.  To do that successfully you need to be very clear about what the rule for modification is.
>>>>>> Is the rule that if the NAICS code in table 2 has a zero at the end you always drop it?  Does it matter how many digits appear before the zero?
>>>>>>
>>>>>> The next question I have is about the structure of table 1 as it appears in Stata.  Do you have a single variable that has multiple codes in it?  If so, you're probably going to have to do some additional processing to that variable before trying to match the two tables.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> The final thing I was unclear on was what you want the final structure of your data to be after matching.  How do you want to deal with entries in table 1 that have multiple matches in table 2?  Do you want the resulting data to contain multiple observations, one for each of the NAICS codes that the I-O number matches to?
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Again for the four digit match, you'll want to be very clear on the rules that make an entry a match.  I'm not sure if you're asking for a match of the first four digits of the NAICS code in table 1 to only the codes in table 2 that are four digits long.  Alternatively perhaps you're looking to match observation in table 1 to ALL the entries in table 2 that share the same first four digits.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> If you can more precisely describe the structure of your data as it currently exists, the matching rules you want to follow, and the structure you want your final data to be in, you'll increase your chances of getting a helpful answer from the list.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> -S
>>>>>>
>>>>>> -----Original Message-----
>>>>>> From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
>>>>>> [mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] On Behalf Of
>>>>>> Rongrong Zhang
>>>>>> Sent: Wednesday, December 18, 2013 11:15 AM
>>>>>> To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
>>>>>> Subject: st: match variable across two tables
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Dear STATALISTER,
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I have two tables:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Table 1 has 3 variables  I-O number, I-O Name ,   Related 1997 NAICS codes.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Table 2 has 1 variable 1997 NAICS codes.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I want to link these two tables based on NAICS code. However, the
>>>>>> level of details on NAICS code does not match one-to-one because
>>>>>> the tables come from different data source. My goal is to know
>>>>>> which NAICS code correspond to which I-O number. I can’t use Table
>>>>>> 1 only, because TABLE 2 is produced from Wharton Research Database
>>>>>> which has company level financial data – I will use later on.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> By different details I mean : e.g.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> table 1:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I-O number  I-O Name                  1997 NAICS codes
>>>>>>
>>>>>> 1110        Crop production
>>>>>>
>>>>>> 1111A0    Oilseed farming
>>>>>>          11111      11112
>>>>>>
>>>>>> 1111B0    Grain farming             11113      11114      11115
>>>>>> 11116      11119
>>>>>>
>>>>>> 111200    Vegetable and melon farming
>>>>>>                    1112
>>>>>> 111400 Greenhouse and nursery production
>>>>>>                 1114
>>>>>> 111910 Tobacco farming
>>>>>>                 11191
>>>>>> 111920 Cotton farming
>>>>>>                 11192
>>>>>> 1119A0 Sugarcane and sugar beet
>>>>>>       11193 111991
>>>>>> 1119B0 All other crop farming
>>>>>> 11194 111992 111998
>>>>>>
>>>>>> in the above example, I present industry 1110 and its
>>>>>> subindustries 1111A0, 1111B0, 111200, each of the subindustries
>>>>>> correspond to a few (or a single) NAICS code (north america
>>>>>> industry classification system).
>>>>>>
>>>>>> table 2:
>>>>>> NAICS CODE
>>>>>> 111
>>>>>> 1111
>>>>>> 111150
>>>>>> 111199
>>>>>> 111219
>>>>>> 111310
>>>>>> 111320
>>>>>> 111332
>>>>>> 111334
>>>>>> 111335
>>>>>> 111339
>>>>>> 1114
>>>>>> 111411
>>>>>> 111419
>>>>>> 111421
>>>>>> 111422
>>>>>> 111920
>>>>>> 111930
>>>>>> 111940
>>>>>> 111998
>>>>>>
>>>>>> if I enforce exact match, then table 2  111150 matches with table 1
>>>>>> 1111B0,    table 2 1112l9 may be matched with  111200 table 1 I-O.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> My question :
>>>>>> 1.could you give a sample code/function to do exact match? note,
>>>>>> if first 5digit match, and drop last 0 (naics), we consider that a
>>>>>> match 2. if I want to increase match, how could I change the
>>>>>> program to do 4 digit match
>>>>>>
>>>>>> thanks a bunch,
>>>>>>
>>>>>> --
>>>>>> Best,
>>>>>> Rochelle
>>>>>>
>>>>>> *
>>>>>> *   For searches and help try:
>>>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>>>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/
>>>>>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> *
>>>>>> *   For searches and help try:
>>>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>>>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/
>>>>>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> --
>>>>> -Best,
>>>>> R
>>>>>
>>>>> *
>>>>> *   For searches and help try:
>>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/
>>>>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>>>>
>>>> *
>>>> *   For searches and help try:
>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/
>>>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> --
>>> -Best,
>>> R
>>>
>>> *
>>> *   For searches and help try:
>>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/
>>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>>
>> *
>> *   For searches and help try:
>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/
>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>
>
>
> --
> -Best,
> R
>
> *
> *   For searches and help try:
> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
> *   http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/
> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>
>
> *
> *   For searches and help try:
> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
> *   http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/
> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/



-- 
-Best,
R

*
*   For searches and help try:
*   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
*   http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/
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