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# RE: st: RE: Comparing fixed effect regression coefficients between two groups

 From "Schaffer, Mark E" <[email protected]> To <[email protected]> Subject RE: st: RE: Comparing fixed effect regression coefficients between two groups Date Mon, 17 Jan 2011 19:52:34 -0000

Dominik,

I was afraid of that ...

The reason you get an estimated zero constant when you omit the -nocons-
option is because all the groups are centered at zero after the within
transformation.  (Have a look at any textbook covering panel data.)

The constant term that -xtreg,fe- reports always struck me as a strange
beast.  All the other coefficients use within variation in the data as
the identifying variation, but the estimated constant uses between
variation.

Here's how -xtreg- centers and manipulates the data so that regress
generates an estimate of the constant.  The example again uses the
abdata.

*************************************

gen one=1

by id: gen double n_dm =  sum(n)/sum(one)
summ n
by id: replace n_dm = (n - n_dm[_N]) + r(mean)

by id: gen double w_dm =  sum(w)/sum(one)
summ w
by id: replace w_dm = (w - w_dm[_N]) + r(mean)

reg n_dm w_dm, dof(890)

*************************************

But may others want to comment on whether -suest- applied to regressions
like the last one here would generate sensible results.

--Mark

> -----Original Message-----
> From: [email protected]
> [mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of
> Dominik Hennen
> Sent: 17 January 2011 17:24
> To: [email protected]
> Subject: Re: st: RE: Comparing fixed effect regression
> coefficients between two groups
>
> Dear Mark,
> thanks very much for the fast reply and the detailed
> instructions. I followed your idea, and the approach works
> perfectly for the coefficient part (w and c_w) of the fixed
> effect model in my data set. I derive the same coefficient
> results using xtreg and your approach. However, I am
> primarily interested in the constant ( _cons ) of the
> equation. In your example this would be 3.16 for the xtreg
> command. When I leave out the "nocons" command in your "reg
> c_n c_w, dof(890) nocons" regression, the resulting value for
> "_cons" is not equal to the one derived from the xtreg
> regression. Same situation occurs in my data set(or am I
> missing something?) I guess in this case a comparison via
> suest doesnt make sense any more. Do you have an idea or a
> workaround how I can also compare the _cons values of to
> fixed effect models as well?
> Thanks again for your help Mark
> With best regards
> Dominik
>
>
> -------- Original-Nachricht --------
> > Datum: Mon, 17 Jan 2011 14:07:44 -0000
> > Von: "Schaffer, Mark E" <[email protected]>
> > An: [email protected]
> > Betreff: st: RE: Comparing fixed effect regression coefficients
> > between two groups
>
> > Dominik,
> >
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: [email protected]
> > > [mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf
> Of Dominik
> > > Hennen
> > > Sent: 17 January 2011 13:36
> > > To: [email protected]
> > > Subject: st: Comparing fixed effect regression
> coefficients between
> > > two groups
> > >
> > > Dear all,
> > > I have estimated a fixed effect panel regression model for two
> > > groups in my data set. In particular I compare high
> frequent stock
> > > trader with low frequent stock trader. In a second step I want to
> > > test if the coefficients, in particular the alpha return (the
> > > "constant" in the Carhart four factor model)are significantly
> > > different for both groups. The "suest" command does not work for
> > > xtreg. An alternative would be to include dummmies, however as I
> > > have more than 6000 investors this option doesn't work either.
> > > Is there any command/approach to compare coefficients between two
> > > groups which were estimated via fixed effects?
> >
> > If you apply the within transformation (i.e., demean your data) by
> > hand, you can obtain the FE coefficients using -regress-.
> Ben Jann's
> > -center- command (available from ssc archives in the usual
> way) is an
> > easy way to implement the within transformation.
> >
> > The vcv, error variance and SEs after using -regress- on
> demeaned data
> > will be wrong (too small) since the degree of freedom won't
> > incorporate the loss of dfs because of the FEs.  But if you use the
> > undocumented
> > -dof- option of -regress-, you can impose the right degrees
> of freedom
> > on the estimation on the demeaned data.
> >
> > Here's an example:
> >
> > *************************************
> >
> > webuse abdata, clear
> >
> > * Note the degrees of freedom = 890
> > xtreg n w, fe
> >
> > * Apply centering to the same sample
> > by id: center n w if e(sample)
> >
> > * Force dof to be 890
> > reg c_n c_w, dof(890) nocons
> >
> > *************************************
> >
> > Do this for both your FE estimations and then use -suest-, as you
> > propose.
> >
> > HTH,
> > Mark
> >
> > > I highly appreciate your help
> > > With best regards
> > > Dominik
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > >
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