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RE: st: Confidence Interval for Proportion

From   "Martin Weiss" <>
To   <>
Subject   RE: st: Confidence Interval for Proportion
Date   Tue, 11 Mar 2008 20:58:22 +0100

Indeed, this do-file illustrates the problem for all five categories

sysuse auto, clear
proportion rep78
matrix define A=e(b)
count if rep78!=.
forv i=1/5{
local stderr`i'= sqrt(A[1,`i']*(1-A[1,`i'])/`=`r(N)'-1')
noi di in red "Standard Error for `i':" _column(27)  as result `stderr`i''  
noi di in red "Lower Bound for `i':" _column(27)  as result
noi di in red "Upper Bound for `i':" _column(27)  as result
A[1,`i']+invnormal(1-0.05/2)*`stderr`i''  _newline 
*For Comparison
proportion rep78

Martin Weiss

Diplom-Kaufmann Martin Weiss
Mohlstrasse 36
Room 415
72074 Tuebingen

Fon: 0049-7071-2978184




-----Original Message-----
[] On Behalf Of Jeff Pitblado,
StataCorp LP
Sent: Tuesday, March 11, 2008 7:08 PM
Subject: Re: st: Confidence Interval for Proportion

Martin Weiss <> is using the -proportion-
and has a question about how standard errors are computed:

> Dear Statalisters,
> try this in Stata:
> ************************
> sysuse auto, clear
> proportion rep78
> matrix define A=e(b)
> matrix define B=e(V)
> count if rep78!=.
> *Upper/Lower Bound for proportion of "1"
> di A[1,1]+invnormal(1-0.05/2)*sqrt(A[1,1]*(1-A[1,1])/`r(N)')
> di A[1,1]-invnormal(1-0.05/2)*sqrt(A[1,1]*(1-A[1,1])/`r(N)')
> *Standard Error for "1"
> *Mistake obviously there...
> di sqrt(A[1,1]*(1-A[1,1])/`r(N)')
> ************************
> Then let me know: why do I not hit the correct CI for the proportion of
> in the repair record? Something`s wrong with the standard error, I do not
> know what, though...

Using Martin's example Stata code, -proportion- effectively computes the
standard error via


This is explained (rather tersely, I'll admit) in the 'Methods and Formulas'
section of -[R] proportion-.

	"Proportions are means of indicator variables; see -[R] mean-."

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