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# Re: st: copying a string variable to all rows within a group

 From Nick Cox To statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject Re: st: copying a string variable to all rows within a group Date Wed, 29 Feb 2012 09:01:01 +0000

```For "row" read "observation". We know what you mean, but that is the
correct Stata terminology.

bysort groupvar (oldvar) : replace oldvar = oldvar[_N]

Alternatively,

bysort groupvar : replace oldvar = oldvar[1]

will probably work too. Alternatively,

bysort groupvar : replace oldvar = oldvar[_n-1] if missing(oldvar) & _n > 1

will probably work too. This last is an FAQ

FAQ     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing missing values
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  N. J. Cox
2/03    How can I replace missing values with previous or
following nonmissing values?
http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/data/missing.html

On Wed, Feb 29, 2012 at 8:28 AM,  <Seyi.Soremekun@lshtm.ac.uk> wrote:
,
> If I have a numeric variable "oldvar" which appears on only the first row of a set of rows defined by a group variable "groupvar" (rest of oldvar rows are blank), it is easy enough to copy oldvar down all rows within groupvar:
>
> bysort groupvar: egen newvar=max(oldvar) // can equally use =min(oldvar) as there is only 1 value of oldvar.
>
> How might I do the same to copy a string oldvar to all rows - again it only appears once within the group, but not necessarily on the first row.
>
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```