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RE: st: Composite measures

From   Cameron McIntosh <>
Subject   RE: st: Composite measures
Date   Tue, 14 Feb 2012 21:43:51 -0500

Thanks Maarten for the link to your paper, very interesting. I might also suggest some more general conceptual and methodological treatments of this topic, which is pretty hot these days in marketing and social psych research:
Hardin, A.M., & Marcoulides, G.A. (2011). A Commentary on the Use of Formative Measurement. Educational and Psychological Measurement, Online First.

Hardin, A.M., Chang, J.C.-J., Fuller, M.A., & Torkzadeh, G. (2011). Formative Measurement and Academic Research: In Search of Measurement Theory. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 71(2), 281-305.

Grace, J.B., & Bollen, K.A. (2008). Representing general theoretical concepts in structural equation models: the role of composite variables. Environmental and Ecological Statistics, 15(2), 191-213.
Cadogan, J.W., & Lee, N. Improper Use of Endogenous Formative Variables. Journal of Business Research, forthcoming.

Kim, G., Shin, B., & Grover, V. (2010). Investigating Two Contradictory Views of Formative Measurement in Information Systems Research. MIS Quarterly, 34(2), 345-365.

Edwards, J.R. (2011). The fallacy of formative measurement. Organizational Research Methods, 14(2), 370-388.

Treiblmaier, H., Bentler, P.M., & Mair, P. (2011). Formative constructs implemented via common factors. Structural Equation Modeling, 18(1), 1-17.

Baxter, R. (2009). Reflective and formative metrics of relationship value: A commentary essay. Journal of Business Research, 62(12), 1370-1377.

Bollen, K.A., & Davis, W.R. (2009). Causal Indicator Models: Identification, Estimation, and Testing. Structural Equation Modeling, 16(3), 498–522.

Howell, R. D., Breivik, E., & Wilcox, J.B. (2007). Reconsidering Formative Measurement. Psychological Methods, 12(2), 205-218.

Bagozzi, R. P. (2007). On the Meaning of Formative Measurement and How It Differs From Reflective Measurement: Comment on Howell, Breivik and Wilcox. Psychological Methods, 12(2), 229-237.

Bollen, K. A. (2007). Interpretational Confounding IS Due to Misspecification, Not to Type of Indicator:  Comment on Howell, Breivik, and Wilcox. Psychological Methods, 12(2), 219-228.

Howell, R. D., Breivik, E., & Wilcox, J. B. (2007). Is Formative Measurement Really Measurement? Psychological Methods, 12(2), 238-245.

Franke, G. R., Preacher, K. J., & Rigdon, E. E. (2008). The Proportional Structural Effects of Formative Indicators. Journal of Business Research, 61(12), 1229-1237.

Wilcox, J. B., Howell, R. D., & Breivik, E. (2008). Questions About Formative Measurement. Journal of Business Research, 61(12), 1219-1228.

Diamantopoulos, A., Riefler, P., & Roth, K. P. (2008). Advancing Formative Measurement Models. Journal of Business Research, 61(12), 1203-1218.

Coltman, T., Devinney, T.M., Midgley, D.F. & Veniak, S. (2008). Formative versus reflective measurement models: Two applications of formative measurement. Journal of Business Research, 61(12), 1250-1262.

Bollen, K.A., Lennox, R.D., & Dahly, D.L. (2009). Practical application of the vanishing tetrad test for causal indicator measurement models: An example from health-related quality of life. Statistics in Medicine, 28(10), 1524-1536.

Roberts, N., & Thatcher, J. (2009). Conceptualizing and testing formative constructs: tutorial and annotated example. ACM SIGMIS Database archive, 40(3), 9-39. ACM New York, NY.


> Date: Tue, 14 Feb 2012 21:53:44 +0100
> Subject: Re: st: Composite measures
> From:
> To:
> The key question is whether you believe that there is some latent
> concept (interest in politics) that influences the answers on those
> two questions or whether you believe that the things asked in those
> two questions add up / influence the latent concept. In the former
> case you can use techniques like factor analysis (see: -help factor-)
> to create the composite and in the latter case you use sheaf
> coefficients to create the composite (see -ssc desc sheafcoef- and
> <>.
> Hope this helps,
> Maarten
> On Tue, Feb 14, 2012 at 7:25 PM, Alessandro Freire wrote:
> > I want to create a composite measure by using the mean of two
> > variables regarding interest in politics, but their scales are
> > different. One of them is scaled from 0 to 10, the other goes from 1
> > to 5. What should I do so that their weights are equally distributed
> > in the new variable?
> --------------------------
> Maarten L. Buis
> Institut fuer Soziologie
> Universitaet Tuebingen
> Wilhelmstrasse 36
> 72074 Tuebingen
> Germany
> --------------------------
> *
> *   For searches and help try:
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