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st: RE: RE: RE: re: problem using predictnl after obtaining non-linear estimates

 From Lopa Chakraborti <[email protected]> To "[email protected]" <[email protected]> Subject st: RE: RE: RE: re: problem using predictnl after obtaining non-linear estimates Date Sun, 26 Oct 2008 13:34:27 -0400

```The problem I am having is figuring out what goes inside the parenthesis in predict() since it is not the linear predictor xb(). Help on this would be appreciated.

It is a very rough and approximate model for Streeter-Phelps. I do not have any stream flow etc data and hence I am using the monitoring station dummies to control for them.
________________________________________
From: [email protected] [[email protected]] On Behalf Of Nick Cox [[email protected]]
Sent: Sunday, October 26, 2008 1:19 PM
To: [email protected]
Subject: st: RE: RE: re: problem using predictnl after obtaining non-linear estimates

No programming is needed; this is something available to you as part of
your -predictnl- command.

Kit is pointing you to special functions -predict()- and -xb()- that you
can use within -predictnl-. I too no longer have Stata 8.2 on my machine
but I do have the Stata 8 manuals, which indicate to me that these
functions were present in -predictnl- in Stata 8.

Therefore study the on-line help first and then the manual entry.

Incidentally, I feel very queasy about an 91-parameter model, even with
this kind of data (which is not alien to me). What's the engineering
hydrology behind that?

Nick
[email protected]

Lopa Chakraborti

Thanks you have pointed me to the right direction. However, I am not
using either predict() or xb() functions. Instead, I have:
predictnl bod1 =
(\$K2/(\$K1-\$K2))*exp(-\$K1*aggthirdfourthadd)*(exp(-\$K2*seconddistadd)-exp
(-\$K1*seconddistadd)). That said my limited knowledge in programming
might also explain why I cannot make the connection.

Kit Baum [[email protected]]

Lopa said
I have a general question about predictnl and that is does it evaluate
any function as in any NL function of the parameters and some
explanatory variables or does it only predict dependent variables as
is usually done.

[R] predictnl -- Obtain nonlinear predictions, standard errors,
etc., after
estimation

That help indicates that " pnl_exp is any valid Stata expression" so
that you may calculate any function for each observation, not just the
standard predicted value.

In Stata 10 help,

When calculating inference-related quantities such as standard
errors, pnl_exp is
evaluated repeatedly for different values of the model
parameters.  Therefore, think
of predict() and xb() as a means of substituting for the formula
of the calculation
and not a means of substituting the value of the calculation that
is obtained when
the model parameters are set to any specific values.  For example,

. predict double pred_var, predict_options
. predictnl newvar = pred_var, se(newvar_se)

will give standard errors (newvar_se) equal to zero, since once
evaluated, pred_var
will contain values that are fixed with respect to e(b).  Instead,

. predictnl newvar = predict(predict_options), se(newvar_se)

will produce what is intended.

which states that zero standard errors will result. I have no idea
whether it works this way in Stata 8.2.

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