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st: Instrumental variable design: no control group

From   John Antonakis <[email protected]>
To   [email protected]
Subject   st: Instrumental variable design: no control group
Date   Sun, 28 Sep 2008 22:29:34 +0200

I have estimated the following model in STATA:

(where participant i is measured on two occassions)

xi: xtivreg y (mv = prepost) controls i.rater i.participant, re robust


prepost = a dummy variable (0=pretreatement, 1=posttreatment)

mv = the manipulated check (i.e., a manipulation check to see whether the participants actually responded to the treatment)

controls = refers to participant individual difference controls (e.g., personality variables, age, set)

i.rater = rater fixed effects (given that groups of raters rated the participant on the DV)

i.participant = participant fixed effects (given that participants were rated twice)

Now this design does not have a control group. It would have been stronger if it did, but I could not randomly assign individuals to a treatment and control. Everyone had to receive the treatment. The way to mitigate this limitation was to measure the manipulation and then regress the DV on the manipulation (instrumented by the prepost dummy). My thinking is that the manipulation check serves as the independent endogenous variable and the intervention dummy variable as the exogenous treatment. If the change in y is predicted by the manipulation check, which in turn is predicted by the prepost treatment, then I can be more certain about our causal deductions as compared a simple repeated measures design in which the manipulation check does not serve as the endogenous independent variable. Because the manipulation check is modelled as a predictor, other putative causes can, for most intents and purposes, be ruled out.

Has anyone seen a published example of such as design that they can point me to? If so, is there a particular name given to this design or is it simply a IV design? Also, any suggestions on how to improve causal deduction?



Prof. John Antonakis
Associate Dean Faculty of Business and Economics
University of Lausanne
Internef #618
CH-1015 Lausanne-Dorigny

Tel ++41 (0)21 692-3438
Fax ++41 (0)21 692-3305

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