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From |
Roger Newson <[email protected]> |

To |
[email protected] |

Subject |
st: re: CI Question |

Date |
Fri, 25 Jul 2003 17:35:08 +0100 |

At 10:16 25/07/03 -0400, Laura Novelli wrote:

Not for the relative risk, but you can for the odds ratio. Unfortunately, you don't seem to be able to do that in Stata's -cci- command, either. If you typeIs there a way to calculate an upper 95% CI bound if the relative risk (from a 2x2 table) is equal to zero?

. cci 0 1 1 0,exact

then the results look as follows:

Proportion

| Exposed Unexposed | Total Exposed

-----------------+------------------------+----------------------

Cases | 0 1 | 1 0.0000

Controls | 1 0 | 1 1.0000

-----------------+------------------------+----------------------

Total | 1 1 | 2 0.5000

| |

| Point estimate | [95% Conf. Interval]

|------------------------+----------------------

Odds ratio | 0 | 0 . (Cornfield)

Prev. frac. ex. | 1 | . 1 (Cornfield)

Prev. frac. pop | . |

+-----------------------------------------------

1-sided Fisher's exact P = 0.5000

2-sided Fisher's exact P = 1.0000

Note: exact confidence levels not possible with zero count cells

The unofficial Stata command -exactcci- produces similarly disappointing results. So it seems that Stata can't do this. (Somebody correct me if I'm wrong.)

This is a great pity, if it is the case. However, I know for a fact that you can get CIs around a zero odds ratio using EpiInfo. If you type into EpiInfo the table I typed into -cci-, you get an odds ratio of 0.00, with the so-called "exact" confidence limits 0.00 to 39.00. (These confidence limits are not really exact, but they are guaranteed to be, if anything conservative. The reference for the formula is Mehta et al., 1985.) So it looks as if the way to go is to use EpiInfo for the time being, and hope, in the long run, that Stata will catch up with EpiInfo. EpiInfo can be downloaded for free from

http://www.cdc.gov/epiinfo/Epi6/ei6.htm

For what it's worth, EpiInfo can handle zero odds ratios, but not infinite odds ratios. I once wrote a SAS macro which handles both zero and infinite odds ratios, and I should be able to dig it out of my floppy disk archives if anybody wants a copy. However, if anybody at StataCorp is listening, then it looks as if CIs for zero and infinite odds ratios should be on a wish list, and possibly should be programmed at the C executable level rather than at the ado-file level, and certainly could be a good use for Stata 8's multiple missing values.

I hope this helps.

Best wishes

Roger

References

Mehta CR, Patel NR, Gray R. Computing an exact confidence interval for the common odds ratio in several 2x2 contingency tables. Journal of the American Statistical Association 1985; 80:: 969-973.

--

Roger Newson

Lecturer in Medical Statistics

Department of Public Health Sciences

King's College London

5th Floor, Capital House

42 Weston Street

London SE1 3QD

United Kingdom

Tel: 020 7848 6648 International +44 20 7848 6648

Fax: 020 7848 6620 International +44 20 7848 6620

or 020 7848 6605 International +44 20 7848 6605

Email: [email protected]

Website: http://www.kcl-phs.org.uk/rogernewson

Opinions expressed are those of the author, not the institution.

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**References**:**st: CI Question***From:*"Laura Novelli" <[email protected]>

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