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From |
Paul Balcombe <paul.balcombe@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk> |

To |
"statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu" <statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu> |

Subject |
RE: st: Looping over datetimes for simultaneous variable generation |

Date |
Thu, 3 Oct 2013 15:47:25 +0000 |

This doesn't work either because the command must estimate x, y and z at time point n before moving on to point n+1. The code you suggest estimates y at all time points first, before estimating x and z. This doesn't work because y depends upon z(n-1) and x(n-1), as shown in the code. So I need the computation to work out multiple variables (x,y,z) at each time point before moving on to the next time point, which is why I thought I needed a looping command such as forvalues. Does that make sense? Thanks, Paul _______________________________________ From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu [owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] on behalf of Nick Cox [njcoxstata@gmail.com] Sent: 03 October 2013 16:34 To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject: Re: st: Looping over datetimes for simultaneous variable generation Fair enough. So -replace- y first. replace y = y[_n-1] if mi(x) & z[_n-1] < x[_n-1] replace z = z[_n-1] + y if mi(x) & z[_n-1] < x[_n-1] replace x = x[_n-1] if mi(x) & z[_n-1] < x[_n-1] Nick njcoxstata@gmail.com On 3 October 2013 14:57, Paul Balcombe <paul.balcombe@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk> wrote: > But this won't work because when we replace z(n) we need y(n), which is dependent on knowing z(n-1). So, I must use a command that calculates y(n), x(n), z(n) and then y(n+1), x(n+1), z(n+1), rather than calculating all the values for x then y then z. > > Thanks, > Paul > > ________________________________________ > From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu [owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] on behalf of Nick Cox [njcoxstata@gmail.com] > Sent: 03 October 2013 12:56 > To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu > Subject: Re: st: Looping over datetimes for simultaneous variable generation > > Might be as simple as > > replace z = z[_n-1] + y if mi(x) & z[_n-1] < x[_n-1] > replace y = y[_n-1] if mi(x) & z[_n-1] < x[_n-1] > replace x = x[_n-1] if mi(x) & z[_n-1] < x[_n-1] > > Nick > njcoxstata@gmail.com > > > On 3 October 2013 11:53, Paul Balcombe > <paul.balcombe@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk> wrote: >> Thankyou for the response. >> >> I'll try to explain what I want to calculate more clearly: >> I have a dataset with observations of 4 variables every hour for one year. An example of the data is below. I now want to calculate 5 minutely values in between this hourly data. At each 5 minute interval I want to estimate w, x, y and z with the following rules (not in stata language): >> >> At time t, replace the following variables if mi(x) and if z(t-1) < x(t-1): >> z(t) = z(t-1) + y(t) >> y(t) = y(t-1) >> x(t) = x(t-1) >> >> Where the if statements are false, do not generate new values for the variables. >> >> I need to calculate all variables at each time period, rather than estimate one variable at a time because they are dependent on each other at each time point. >> >> I hope this is slightly clearer. >> Thanks, >> Paul >> >> >> datetime w x y z >> 19/08/2012 00:00 0 0 0 0 >> 19/08/2012 00:05 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 00:10 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 00:15 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 00:20 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 00:25 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 00:30 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 00:35 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 00:40 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 00:45 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 00:50 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 00:55 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 01:00 3.4 0.2448 0.2833333 0.2833333 >> 19/08/2012 01:05 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 01:10 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 01:15 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 01:20 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 01:25 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 01:30 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 01:35 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 01:40 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 01:45 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 01:50 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 01:55 . . . . >> 19/08/2012 02:00 0 0 0 0 >> >> >> >> ________________________________________ >> From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu [owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] on behalf of Nick Cox [njcoxstata@gmail.com] >> Sent: 03 October 2013 10:48 >> To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu >> Subject: Re: st: Looping over datetimes for simultaneous variable generation >> >> There are several problems evident here, and I guess some latent too. >> >> You don't refer to any `datetime' macro within the loop, so at best it >> would do the same things, regardless of the loop. >> >> The syntax ' ' means nothing to Stata. You may wish to evaluate >> numeric constants on the fly, for which the syntax would be something >> like `= tc(19aug2012 0:00:00)’ >> >> The constant tc(00:05:00) seems unlikely to be what you intend. >> >> For an arbitrary numlist you need -foreach- not -forvalues-. >> >> Those points aside, a better strategy might to explain what you want >> to calculate, with enough about your data and some example data for >> people to follow. >> Nick >> njcoxstata@gmail.com >> >> >> On 3 October 2013 10:18, Paul Balcombe >> <paul.balcombe@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk> wrote: >>> I have a timeseries data set and I want to generate a number of variables that are conditional on each other and their previous values, so I want to create a value for the set of variables at each time period in my data. I thought I should use a forvalues command, but this is new to me and I have so far been unsuccessful: invalid syntax. below is the command I wish to make: >>> >>> forvalues datetime= ‘tc(19aug2012 00:00:00)’ (‘tc(00:05:00)’) ‘tc(18aug2013 23:00:00)’ { >>> replace seen=seen[_n-1] if seen==. & seen3[_n-1]<seen[_n-1] >>> replace segaspow=segaspow[_n-1] if seen==. & seen3[_n-1]<seen[_n-1] >>> replace seen2=seen2[_n-1] if seen==. & seen3[_n-1]<seen[_n-1] >>> replace seen3=seen2+seen3[_n-1] if seen==. & seen3[_n-1]<seen[_n-1] >>> } >>> >>> I may be describing the datetime functions incorrectly. > > * > * For searches and help try: > * http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search > * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/ > * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/ > * > * For searches and help try: > * http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search > * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/ > * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/ * * For searches and help try: * http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/ * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/ * * For searches and help try: * http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/ * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/

**Follow-Ups**:**Re: st: Looping over datetimes for simultaneous variable generation***From:*Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com>

**References**:**st: Looping over datetimes for simultaneous variable generation***From:*Paul Balcombe <paul.balcombe@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk>

**Re: st: Looping over datetimes for simultaneous variable generation***From:*Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com>

**RE: st: Looping over datetimes for simultaneous variable generation***From:*Paul Balcombe <paul.balcombe@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk>

**Re: st: Looping over datetimes for simultaneous variable generation***From:*Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com>

**RE: st: Looping over datetimes for simultaneous variable generation***From:*Paul Balcombe <paul.balcombe@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk>

**Re: st: Looping over datetimes for simultaneous variable generation***From:*Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com>

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