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# st: peculiar issue generating truncated normals

 From Patrick Roland To statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject st: peculiar issue generating truncated normals Date Thu, 12 Jan 2012 20:03:58 -0800

```I've been trying two ways of generating truncated multivariate normals
in mata, which give different results. I'd be interested if anyone
could shed light on why this might be. In the code I generate
bivariate normal draws with variance c*c', where c = (1,0\1,2) ,
truncated above at (-2,-2).

In the first case, I use simple accept reject sampling. In the second,
I sequentially draw truncated normals (this is explained here, for

The means are consistently different, across many different seeds. The
first variable has a mean of around -2.41 with accept reject and -2.37
with sequential sampling. I'm running Stata SE 11.2. This seems
peculiar to me - any ideas?

mata
u = (-2,-2)
trials = 100000
c = (1,0\1,2)
GHK = J(trials,2,0)
for(i=1;i<=trials;i++){
r1 = invnormal(runiform(1,1)*normal(u[1]/c[1,1]))
r2 = invnormal(runiform(1,1)*normal((u[2]-c[2,1]*r1)/c[2,2]))
GHK[i,.] = (c*(r1\r2))'
}

i=0
AR = J(trials,2,0)
while(i<trials){
t = c*rnormal(2,1,0,1)
if(t'<u){
i=i+1
AR[i,.] = t'
}
}

mean(GHK)
variance(GHK)
mean(AR)
variance(AR)
end
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```