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Re: st: question about defining a local

From   Phil Schumm <>
Subject   Re: st: question about defining a local
Date   Sat, 12 Nov 2011 18:52:27 -0600

On Nov 12, 2011, at 5:08 PM, Daifeng He wrote:
> This is driving me nuts, but I just cannot see what's going wrong with my simple code.  Basically, I am defining a local to do sample restriction so that I can quicky switch from one sample restriction to another in my regressions.   Can anyboday tell me why my code below is wrong?
> . local state & st=="CA"
> . di "`state'"
> & st==CA"" invalid name
> r(198);

Your macro contains double quotes, so you need to enclose it in compound double quotes (see [U] 12.4 Strings):

    . di `"`state'"'
    & st=="CA"

Note that for what you're doing, you're better off creating an indicator variable, and then using that to restrict your sample (as opposed to trying to store part of a command string in a local macro).  For example:

    mark ca if state & st == "CA"
    reg depvar [indepvars] if ca

The resulting code is more readable, and you're less likely to get bitten by something unexpected WRT macro expansion.

-- Phil

P.S. You may already be aware of this, but note that the statement

    if state

will be true for any non-zero values of state (including missing).

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