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# Re: st: use random values in a calculation

 From Eric Booth To "" Subject Re: st: use random values in a calculation Date Sat, 2 Jul 2011 04:48:49 +0000

```<>

Here's one approach:

************************
clear
set obs 625
g n = _n
tostring n, replace
g str4 var = "s" + n

**create fake v1-v4 variables for example:
forv nn = 1/4 {
g v`nn' = runiform()*10
}

**create random opt1-opt4 to multiply by v1-v4:
forv n = 1/4 {
g opt`n' = int(runiform()*5)
replace opt`n' = .05 if opt`n'==1
replace opt`n' = .1 if opt`n'==2
replace opt`n' = .15 if opt`n'==3
replace opt`n' = .2 if opt`n'==4
}

**create sum of all v*opt vars:
g s = (v1*opt1)+(v2*opt2)+(v3*opt3)+(v4*opt4)
order var s
l  in 1/9
**
keep var s

**use -sxpose- to create s1-s625 variables:
**-sxpose- is from SSC**
cap which sxpose
if _rc ssc install sxpose, replace
sxpose , clear firstnames force destring
************************

- Eric
__
Eric A. Booth
Public Policy Research Institute
Texas A&M University
ebooth@ppri.tamu.edu

On Jul 1, 2011, at 9:46 PM, Zhi Su wrote:

> Dear Statalists,
>
>  I need to generate a set of variables that are som of four variables
> v1 v2 v3 v4 multipled by a ratio r1 r2 r3 r4 which are randomly chosen
> from (0, 0.05,0.1,0.15,0.2). For example,
> s0=v1*0+v2*0+v3*0+v4*0
> s1=v1*0.05+v2*0+v3*0_v4*0
> s2=v1*0.05+v2*0.05+v3*0+v4*0
> .
> .
> .
> s625=v1*0.2+v2*0.2+v3*0.2+v4*0.2
>
> How can I use commands to generate these 625 variables?
>
> Thank you!
>
> --
> Zhi Su
> 348 Holmes Hall
> Northeastern University
> 360 Huntington Avenue
> Boston, MA 02115
> Office:1-617-373-2316
> email:su.zh@husky.neu.edu
> *
> *   For searches and help try:
> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
> *   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/

*
*   For searches and help try:
*   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
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*   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
```