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st: System GMM line

From   Francesco Grigoli <>
Subject   st: System GMM line
Date   Fri, 4 Feb 2011 17:09:30 -0500

Dear all,

I am experiencing a problem with the System GMM estimation.

If I run a cross correlation analysis I get that income per capita in
PPP terms and public investment as a percentage of GDP are negatively

                    | ln_gdppc public~o
    ln_gdppc |   1.0000
public_inv~o|  -0.1646   1.0000

If I run a fixed effects panel regression, I get a negative
coefficient on the income per capita variable. However, if I run a
sytem GMM, which should take care of the endogeneity between income
and public investment, i get a positive and significant coefficient on
the income variable. I don't expect it to be significantly negative,
but the positive sign is very weird, given also that with other
methodologies it is negative (and significant).

Here is the line I used:

xi: xtabond2 public_investment_ratio l.public_investment_ratio
quality_of_governance ln_cia_land_area ln_wdi_pop left_party_largest
penn_pi ln_gdppc i.year, gmm(public_investment_ratio penn_pi ln_gdppc,
lag(1 5) collapse) iv(quality_of_governance ln_cia_land_area
ln_wdi_pop left_party_largest i.year) robust

Whichever lag structure I use, I get the positive and significant
coefficient. Am I doing something wrong with the code for the system

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