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Re: st: Composite Indicator of Multidimensional Poverty

From   Maarten buis <>
Subject   Re: st: Composite Indicator of Multidimensional Poverty
Date   Mon, 19 Apr 2010 14:07:22 +0000 (GMT)

--- On Mon, 19/4/10, amatoallah ouchen wrote:
> Asselin, L-M., (2002)
> ''Multidimensional poverty: Composite indicator
> of multidimensional poverty.'' Institut de Mathématique
> Gauss: Lévis, Québec.

A first look at this paper suggests to me that the author
mixes up so called "causal indicators" and "effect indicators"
(see: Bollen 1984, and Bollen and Lennox 1991). If I 
remember correctly multiple correspondence analysis is all 
about association between the observed indicators, which 
means that it is a model for effect indicators. However, 
some of the indicators used in the analysis are clear
examples of causal indicators, e.g. the variable
"Does a road pass by the community?" seems to me indicating
a cause of the latent poverty variable rather than being
caused by the latent poverty variable. The problem is that
using the information contained in a causal indicator 
requires a completely different strategy than using the 
information contained in a effect indicator. 

Hope this helps,

Bollen, K. A. 1984. Multiple indicators: Internal 
consistency or no necessary relationship? Quality & 
Quantity 18(4): 399-385.

Bollen, K. A., and R. Lennox. 1991. Conventional wisdom on 
measurement: A structural equation perspective. 
Psychological Bulletin 110(2): 305-314.

Maarten L. Buis
Institut fuer Soziologie
Universitaet Tuebingen
Wilhelmstrasse 36
72074 Tuebingen


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