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From |
"Martin Weiss" <[email protected]> |

To |
[email protected] |

Subject |
RE: st: RE: How to get a macro with content `something' |

Date |
Wed, 27 Jan 2010 01:20:53 +0100 |

```
Btw, only the last of your -title-s will make it to the final graph. You should check whether this is really intentional.
HTH
Martin
-original message-
Subject: RE: st: RE: How to get a macro with content `something'
From: "Martin Weiss" <[email protected]>
Date: 27-01-2010 00:28
<>
Here is your solution. Your code raises a whole lot of questions on
different levels...
Still, the bottom line, as always with -local-s, is that the equal sign
evaluates while a lack of it just copies strings, with several
implications...
*******
clear*
set obs 30
gen byte a=irecode(runiform(),.2, .3, .5 1)
gen byte b=irecode(runiform(),.2, .3, .5 1)
gen label ="This is the title " + string(_n)
forvalues i = 1/`c(N)'{
local g `g' (function y = exp(a[`i']*(x-b[`i']))/(1+
exp(a[`i']*(x-b[`i']))), /*
*/ range(-6 6) tit(`=label[`i']'))
}
tw `g'
*******
HTH
Martin
-----Original Message-----
From: [email protected]
[mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of Alex Gamma
Sent: Mittwoch, 27. Januar 2010 00:09
To: statalist
Subject: Re: st: RE: How to get a macro with content `something'
Nick,
thanks for this clear explanation. To answer your question at the end
(why do I think I need this?):
The problem arose from my wish to put together a graph command that
incorporates a single graph for every observation
in a dataset and then overlays them (see code below).
So I'm looping over all observations to
1) construct the bits of the graph command for each observation
(here: (function y = exp.......) stored in the local macros g1 g2...g
[_N]), and
2) to cumulate these bits into the final graph command (here: the
local macro g) that overlays all the single graphs:
- twoway (function y=exp.....)(function y=exp.....)(function
y=exp.....)(function y=exp.....) ... - with a total of _N
(function...) blocks
Here's the code:
(a, b, label are variables in the dataset)
-----------------------------------
local N=_N
forvalues i = 1(1)`N' {
local t`i' = label[`i']
local g`i' = "(function y = exp(a[`i']*(x-b[`i']))/(1+
exp(a[`i']*(x-
b[`i']))), range(-6 6) title(`t`i''))"
local g = "`g'" + "`g`i''"
}
twoway "`g'"
-----------------------------------
The problem with this solution is that the graph command stored in
macro g soon breaks the length limits for string variables.
That's why I thought it would be nice to get macro g to store not the
actual graph commands but just macro references to them:
Macro g would then contain "`g1' `g2' `g3'... `g[_N]'" and - twoway
"`g'" - would appropriatley expand to - twoway `g1' `g2' `g3'... `g
[_N]' - which in turn would expand to - twoway (function[1])(function
[2])...(function[_N]) -
Alex
Am 26.01.2010 um 18:22 Uhr schrieb Nick Cox:
> Dereferencing occurs at all levels as soon as you write down one or
> more
> pairs of ` ' to indicate a local macro. It's not a question of peeling
> one layer off at a time. If that were so, working with nested macros
> would be more tedious.
>
> Thus although you inserted the text "`something'" inside local
> macro A,
> as soon as you write
>
> `A'
>
> Stata looks inside, sees `something' and dereferences that in turn, so
> what you get is no surprise.
>
> If you don't want dereferencing, don't refer to a local macro
> (until you
> need its contents, that is).
>
> You can delay dereferencing just once by using a backslash, but that
> doesn't wire in lifelong protection. It works just once, as said.
>
> As I don't recognise your need as one I've felt in 15 or so years of
> Stata programming, I am tempted to say you are not missing
> anything. But
> let me ask directly:
>
> Why do you think you need this?
>
> Nick
> [email protected]
>
> Alex Gamma
>
> although I feel I must be overlooking something big,
> despite checking [P] and [U] and the Statalist archives,
> I wasn't able to figure out how I can simply get a local
> macro A with content `something', but without expanding
> `something' (something is a macro, too, that contains,
> let's say, foo1 [. loc something foo1]).
>
> I couldn't get it to work using "\".
> If I code
> . loc A \`something'
>
> I will get, as desired,
> . mac list _A
> _A: `something'
>
>
> But if I use A in code, e.g.
> . loc s "`A'" + "foo2"
>
> I get
> .mac list _s
> _s: "foo1" + "foo2"
> instead of
> _s: `something' + "foo2"
>
> Likewise
> . di "`A'"
> returns
> foo1
> instead of
> `something'
>
> Is what I want impossible or even unnecessary?
>
> *
> * For searches and help try:
> * http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
> * http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
> * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
*
* For searches and help try:
* http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
* http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
* http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
*
* For searches and help try:
* http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
* http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
* http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
*
* For searches and help try:
* http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
* http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
* http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
```

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