# st: Alternative uses of -nl

 From "Paulo Regis" To statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject st: Alternative uses of -nl Date Tue, 18 Nov 2008 23:54:34 +0800

```Dear all,

Departing from the following data

v1               v2                v3                   z
0.0375815    0.0480932     -1                 -0.3227311
-0.0192965   0.0261546    -0.1428161     -0.0480932
-0.097088     0.0096482     0                   0.0187907

I am using NLS to estimate the following function

z = v1*rho+v2*(rho^2)+v3*(sigma^2)

where you have two parameters (rho and sigma^2). The problem is I
tried two different ways to estimate the parameters that lead me to
different values but this shouldnt be the case. Originally, I was
using the following programme:

program define nlequ
version 9
if "`1'"== "?" {
global S_1 " rho sigma2 "
global rho=1
global sigma2=1
exit
}
replace `1'=v1*\$rho +v2*\$rho^2 +v3*\$sigma2
end

and typing in the command line something like:

nl equ z, init(rho=0.7, sigma2=1)

The regression output is

Iteration 0:   residual SS =   .409458
Iteration 1:   residual SS =  .0018054
Iteration 2:   residual SS =  .0000357
Iteration 3:   residual SS =  .0000355
Iteration 4:   residual SS =  .0000355

Source |       SS       df       MS            Number of obs =         3
-------------+------------------------------         F(  2,     1) =   1503.70
Model |  .106785885     2  .053392943         Prob > F      =    0.0182
Residual |  .000035508     1  .000035508         R-squared     =    0.9997
Total |  .106821393     3  .035607131         Root MSE      =  .0059588
Res. dev.     = -25.51948
(equ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
z1 |      Coef.   Std. Err.      t    P>|t|     [95% Conf. Interval]
-------------+----------------------------------------------------------------
rho |  -.1857942   .0626628    -2.96   0.207    -.9820006    .6104122
sigma2 |   .3149169   .0067697    46.52   0.014     .2288992    .4009345
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Likewise, we should be able to get to the same result if we type in
the command line

nl (z1 = v1*{rho=1}+v2*{rho}^2+v3*{sigma2=1})  ,
init(rho -.1857942 sigma2 .3149169)

the regression output is

Iteration 0:  residual SS =  .0026024
Iteration 1:  residual SS =  .0000491
Iteration 2:  residual SS =  .0000487
Iteration 3:  residual SS =  .0000487
Iteration 4:  residual SS =  .0000487

Source |       SS       df       MS
-------------+------------------------------         Number of obs =         3
Model |  .106772687     2  .053386344         R-squared     =    0.9995
Residual |  .000048706     1  .000048706         Adj R-squared =    0.9986
-------------+------------------------------         Root MSE      =   .006979
Total |  .106821393     3  .035607131         Res. dev.     = -24.57133

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
z |      Coef.   Std. Err.      t    P>|t|     [95% Conf. Interval]
-------------+----------------------------------------------------------------
/rho |   -.169541   .0664627    -2.55   0.238     -1.01403    .6749475
/sigma2 |   .3186849   .0069996    45.53   0.014      .229746    .4076239
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Notice that I even introduced the previous estimates as initial values
but even then Stata finds an alternative minimum. Further, the
residual SS is higher.

I would appreciate any comment that help me to understand why Stata
provides different values depending on what strategy I use for NLS.Is
there any mistake in my command lines?

Cheers

Paulo

SP: I am creating and ado file and I have some additional questions.

introducing a nl programme in an ado file. is it illegal to use an nl
programme?  The structure of my ado file is as follows:

program define  estim1
...
nl equ z
...
end
program define nl equ
...
end

2- Is illegal to name a programme if the name start with numbers?
(i.e.: a programme named 2sls)
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```