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# st:ivreg2 (with orthog option)

 From Mohamed Lajnef To statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject st:ivreg2 (with orthog option) Date Wed, 22 Oct 2008 14:40:07 +0200

```Dear statalisters,

I am a new user of IV methods and I would be grateful if you would help me.

I want to test whether a particular variable, bmi,  is exegenous, so i run
ivreg2 Y bmi (=VARiv), orthog(bmi) is that correct?

I get the following statistics
------------------------------
------------------------------------------------
```
mah4 | Coef. Std. Err. z P>|z| [95% Conf. Interval]
```-------------+----------------------------------------------------------------
```
bmi | -.176151 .0587376 -3.00 0.003 -.2912745 -.0610274 _cons | 50.08047 1.457251 34.37 0.000 47.22431 52.93663
```------------------------------------------------------------------------------
```
Sargan statistic (Lagrange multiplier test of excluded instruments): 23.173 Chi-sq(1) P-val = 0.0000
```-orthog- option:
```
Sargan statistic (eqn. excluding suspect orthogonality conditions): 0.000 Chi-sq(0) P-val = . C statistic (exogeneity/orthogonality of suspect instruments): 23.173 Chi-sq(1) P-val = 0.0000
```Instruments tested:   bmi
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Included instruments: bmi
Excluded instruments: fto
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Questions:

1) the C stat shows  that bmi is endogenous and IV method is appropriate?

```
2)the Sargan stat confirms that VARiv is endogenous? and how to interpret the orthog-option in this example ?
```

Thanks in advance
Mohamed
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