# st: RE: mata: Colon operators result in matrix output to screen?

 From "Nick Cox" <[email protected]> To <[email protected]> Subject st: RE: mata: Colon operators result in matrix output to screen? Date Mon, 3 Dec 2007 17:38:34 -0000

```Something like

a :<= b

is an expression, which Mata will evaluate. Perhaps you want
an assignment on the LHS, e.g.

c = a :<= b

Thomas Masterson

A mata question: when I use the function affinity() [code below] I get
the results I expect, but the colon comparison operations result in the
resulting matrix being written to the Stata results window [quite a
nuisance for logging purposes]. Any thoughts why this happens?

Thanks!
Tom

real colvector affinity(real rowvector ai, real matrix aj, real
rowvector sd) {
real matrix aij, upper, lower

aij = J(rows(aj), 1, 0)
upper = J(rows(aj), cols(aj), 0)
lower = J(rows(aj), cols(aj), 0)

upper = aj
printf("upper has %4.0g columns and %9.0g rows\n", cols(upper),
rows(upper))

lower = aj

// These two operations print out the entire resulting matrix to the
screen
upper:<= ai+sqrt(sd)
lower:>= ai-sqrt(sd)

upper:& lower

aij = rowsum(upper)
printf("aij has %4.0g columns and %9.0g rows\n", cols(aij),
rows(aij))
return(aij)
}

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```