# Re: st: if command

 From Nick Winter <[email protected]> To [email protected] Subject Re: st: if command Date Tue, 18 Jan 2005 14:20:24 -0500

There is no easy way to get around testing the condition twice. But you could simplify the code a bit like this:

. gen byte big = (fpi == "big") if !missing(fpi)
. gen var1 = 1 if big==1
. gen var2 = 1 if big==1
. gen var1 = 2 if big==0
. gen var2 = 12 if big==0

This doesn't reduce the number of tests of the -if- condition, but it does simplify considerably the coding. Depending on what your concern is, this might be a good solution.

--Nick Winter

At 11:13 AM 1/18/2005 -0500, you wrote:

Hello

What is the best way to achieve the following in stata? I have a reasonably complex logical test and number of new variables to generate as a result of applying the test. Here is a minimal example. The real problem is more complex, but this captures the spirit:

gen var1 = 1 if fpi == "big"
gen var2 = 1 if fpi == "big"
replace var1 = 2 if fpi == "small"
replace var2 == 12 if fpi =="small"

Repeating the condition seems inefficient especially if it was very complex (it is) and if I have to create many new variables (I do). I was thinking some like this:

if fpi == "big" {
gen var1 = 1
gen var2 = 1
}
if fpi == "small {
replace var1 = 2
replace var2 = 12
}

Not much of a saving in this example, but in a more complex problem the saving would, I think, be measurable. However, I know from experimentation and from a previous thread that this code does not work as expected. Is there a solution or should I should I just use the first coding style? Thanks in advance.

Cameron
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Assistant Professor 607.255.4530 f
Department of Government [email protected] e
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