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# st: multiple indirect effects with binary mediators

 From "Muehleck, Kai" To "statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu" Subject st: multiple indirect effects with binary mediators Date Tue, 7 May 2013 13:56:41 +0000

```Dear all,

I would like to estimate the direct indirect effects of an independent variable. Some of the mediating variables are binary, some are continuous. The dependent variable is continuous (natural logarithm of income). There are some packages allowing for binary mediators (medeff, ldecomp), however as I understand none of them allow for specifying multiple indirect effects in the sense of subsequent mediating variables.

What do I mean by that? Theoretical considerations suggest that one group of mediators influences the other group of mediators. Thus the MVs influence the DV subsequently:

IV -> MV1 -> MV2 -> DV.

In this model the total effect of the IV would be made up of the direct effect (IV -> DV) and three indirect effects:

(1) IV -> MV1 -> DV;
(2) IV -> MV2 -> DV;
(3) IV -> MV1 -> MV2 -> DV;

MV1 is binary. MV2 is continous (but far from  normally distributed with 75% of all respondents on value 0 and the rest distributed across a long positively skewed tail). The DV is continous as well and close to normally distributed.

My questions are:

(1) How can I estimate the direct and indirect effects of the IV?

(2) How can I estimate the different indirect effects of MV1 and MV2 and their total effects?

Obviously this asks for some kind of path analysis. However, Stata's sem command only allows for continuous DVs (and continuous MVs I suppose). I have also tried to do this using Mplus but ran into several other problems I couldn't yet solve. Thus I'm again trying to explore Stata's potential to do such an analysis.

Any help and hints highly appreciated!

Best regards,
Kai

HIS Hochschul-Informations-System GmbH
Goseriede 9 | 30159 Hannover | www.his.de
Dr. Kai Mühleck
HIS-Institut für Hochschulforschung
Arbeitsbereich Steuerung, Finanzierung, Evaluation
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