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Re: st: RE: 3 Problems in Panel Data Analysis


From   "Fardad Zand" <fardad.zand@gmail.com>
To   statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
Subject   Re: st: RE: 3 Problems in Panel Data Analysis
Date   Tue, 14 Oct 2008 10:44:06 +0200

Hi Martin,

Thank you so much for your through answers. Appreciate for your time.

In order to clarify your answers, I just have a few questions if you
or other people in Statalist can respond:

1- concerning point 1: So, how can I justify using RE (or BE) when the
Hausman test is in favor of FE? Is there any test that takes into
account the nature and structure of the data in addition to difference
between the estimators? How can one check for correlation between
explanatory variables and the individual effects u_i, so I can see how
biased my estimation would be if use RE?

2- concerning point 2: robust options to my knowledge is a correction
for heteroskedasticity problems. But, as you refer in your answer,
does it have anything to do with within and between variances and
their difference?

3- concerning point 2: More importantly, the robust option is
available for only xtreg (to my knowledge). But, how about xttobit? Is
there any robust options available?

4- concerning point 3: you refer to xthtaylor. I didn't know about
this command (and indeed the method). how would you compare xthtaylor
and xtreg RE? What are the conditions for xthtalor to be unbiased?
with respect to the nature of my data and the results of the Hausman
Test, can xthtaylor be a good alternative? What are the limitations?

5- concerning point 3: how  would you compare xtivreg and xthtaylor in
order to solve the issue of simultaneity? Are they both overcoming the
problem?

Thank you so much for your time and patience for answering and guiding me.

Good luck everyone,
Fardad

On Tue, Oct 7, 2008 at 2:54 PM, Martin Weiss <martin.weiss1@gmx.de> wrote:

> Concerning 1): FE, because of the way it is constructed, cannot provide
> estimates for time-invariant covariates, so that might be the reason for
> dropped regressors.
>
> Concerning 2), -xtreg- has a -clustered robust- VCE which seems appropriate
> given your observation of stark differences between between groups vs.
> within group variance. Note that you can check for these two variance
> components with -xtsum-.
>
> Concerning 3), the lack of instruments can sometimes be overcome with
> -xthtaylor- which can remedy correlation between covariates and the
> individual effect u_i and at the same time provide estimates for
> time-invariant regressors.
>
>
> HTH
> Martin
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