# RE: st: xtabond2 - variables in level

 From "Rodrigo Alfaro A." To Subject RE: st: xtabond2 - variables in level Date Tue, 8 Apr 2008 10:02:25 -0400

```Tomasz,

I do not have xtabond2 in this computer, but xtabond should work for
you.
It seems to me that you are not using the level-equation and your
estimation
is first-step AB computation.

Suppose you want to estimate

n(i,t) = b0 + b1*n(i,t-1) + b2*x(i,t-1) + u(i) + e(i,t)

with the Arellano-Bond dataset. The you could type in Stata 9:

webuse abdata, clear
xtabond n, diffvar(L.wage)

You could also add time-dummies, robust std errors, other instruments,
truncate the lags of the dependent variable, etc.

Note that xtabond in Stata 10 has a different syntax.

I hope that (this time) my answer helps you,
Rodrigo.

-----Mensaje original-----
De: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
[mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] En nombre de Tomasz Boniek
Enviado el: Martes, 08 de Abril de 2008 09:29 a.m.
Para: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
Asunto: Re: st: xtabond2 - variables in level

Hi Statalisters,

one users already gave me an answer which was not what I was looking for
because I stated my problem in the wrong way. I will try to explain my
problem more carefully.

Suppose I want to estimate a basic Cobb Douglas production function.
Please ignore mispecification of the model or endogeneity issues, since
here I will keep the model oversimplified on purpose. The model I want
to estimate is the following:

y_it = B1*y_i(t-1) + B2*k_it + B3*l_it + B4*w_it + u_i + e_it

where y is log of added value, k and l are logs of capital and labor and
w represents unobservable total factor productivity (TFP) and u_i is the
fixed effect. Now, if I take first differences, I would obtain:

D(y_it)= B1*D(y_i(t-1)) + B2*D(k_it) + B3*D(l_it) + B4*D(w_it) +
D(e_it).

where D(...) means first difference. Being the TFP unobservable, one has
to proxy for it. I will proxy for it by taking a variable called /rents/
lagged one period, which is a firm-level measure of competition.
However, I want to get a coefficient for the level of rents rather than
its first difference. The model I would want to estimate should be

D(y_it)= B_t + B1*D(y_i(t-1)) + B2*D(k_it) + B3*D(l_it) +
B4*rents_i(t-1) + D(e_it).

The reference papers I am using estimated this function using DPD98 for
Gauss. However, I want to find out whether it is possible to estimate
that function using xtabond2. In Stata, I would write

xi: xtabond2 y yL1 k l rentsL1 i.year, gmm(yL1) iv(i.year k l rentsL1)
noleveleq small

where all the variable are in logs, and *L1 means one period lag. If I
am not wrong, if I do so the coefficient I get for rentsL1 will be on
its first difference (i.e. rentsL1 - rentsL2). Is there a way to have
the coefficient for level of rents, keeping all the other variables in
first difference?

I hope someone is able to help me out!

Tomasz Boniek

Tomasz Boniek wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I have a problem with xtabond2. Suppose I run the following:
>
> xtabond2 ln_tfp L.ln_tfp L.rents yr*, gmm(L.ln_tfp L.rents, lag(2 3))
> iv(yr*) robust noleveleq small
>
> where yr* are a series of year dummies and the economic meaning of the

> other variable is irrelevant for my question.
>
> In this case, if I'm not wrong, I will estimate a one-step difference
> GMM. All the variables in this case will be in first difference. My
> question is:
> Is there a way to avoid differentiation of the variable L.rents? I
> would like to use as a regressors (treating it as endogenous) not the
> first difference lagged one period (i.e. rents(t-1)-rents(t-2)) but
> just the lagged level (i.e. rents(t-1)). Is there a way to do that in
> Stata?
>
> Thanks for the help,
>
> Tomasz Boniek

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