[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date index][Thread index]

From |
"Hoetker, Glenn" <[email protected]> |

To |
<[email protected]> |

Subject |
RE: st: Dummy Variables vs. Subgroup Models in Logistic Regression |

Date |
Fri, 22 Oct 2004 10:30:31 -0500 |

```
At 01:45 PM 10/22/2004 +0000, [email protected] wrote:
>Dear Stata Users,
>
> I'm creating a logistic regression model with many dichotomous
> variables along with one term that has 8 categories coded 1,2,..8. I
can
> create 7 dummy variables and have a very large model. Would it be
> legitimate if my sample sizes are large enough to create 8 separate
> models with each model representing one subgroup? Can anyone comment
on
> the pros and cons of using dummy variables versus creating separate
> "subgroup" models based on the remaining independent variables?
Thanks!
Comparing logit/probit coefficients across groups is actually
considerably more difficult than doing so in OLS. This reflects the
fact that the betas are not identified in a logit model without imposing
a restriction by setting the variance of the error term to pi^2/3. As a
result, the estimated coefficients are the underlying "true" effect
scaled by the amount of unobserved heterogeneity (a.k.a. residual
variation). If the unobserved heterogeneity varies across groups, as it
often will, then the estimated betas will vary too, even if the "true"
effect is the same. Allison (1999) discusses this and proposes a test
for detecting differences in unobserved heterogeneity and differences in
underlying coefficients. Other discussions of the scale issue include
Maddala (1983:23), Long (1997:47), and Train (2004).
Hoetker (2004) uses Monte Carlo simulations to show that (a) the problem
Allison identified isn't just theoretical--it leads to misleading
inferences in common situations and (b) Allison's tests are a
significant improvement over current practice, but are not a panacea. It
also offers some alternative analytical approaches, including code in
Stata (of course) to implement them. One finding in particular is that
the use of interaction terms to detect inter-group differences in logit
equations if likely to yield misleading results if unobserved
heterogeneity differs across groups. In some circumstances, it's
actually more likely to find significant results in the OPPOSITE
direction than in the right direction.
For cross-group comparisons in general, Liao (2002) is a helpful
reference.
Sorry to actually muddy the waters rather than providing a simple
solution. Best wishes.
Glenn Hoetker
Assistant Professor of Strategy
College of Business
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
217-265-4081
[email protected]
Allison, P.D. 1999. Comparing logit and probit coefficients across
groups. SMR/Sociological Methods & Research 28(2): 186-208.
Hoetker, Glenn (2004). Confounded coefficients: Extending recent
advances in the accurate comparison of logit and probit coefficients
across groups. Working paper
(http://www.business.uiuc.edu/ghoetker/wp.htm)
Liao, T.F. 2002. Statistical group comparison. Wiley Series in
Probability and Statistics. New York : Wiley-Interscience.
Long, J.S. 1997. Regression models for categorical and limited dependent
variables. Advanced Quantitative Techniques in the Social Sciences.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Maddala, G.S. 1983. Limited-dependent and qualitative variables in
econometrics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Train, K.E. 2004. Discrete choice methods with simulation. Cambridge :
Cambridge University Press.
-----Original Message-----
From: [email protected]
[mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of Richard
Williams
Sent: Friday, October 22, 2004 9:42 AM
To: [email protected]; [email protected]
Subject: Re: st: Dummy Variables vs. Subgroup Models in Logistic
Regression
If you estimate separate models, you are allowing ALL parameters to
differ
across groups, e.g. the effect of education could be different in each
group. If you just add dummies, you are allowing the intercept to
differ
in each group, but the effects of the other variables stay the same.
If you estimate separate models for each group, your models will
certainly
be much less parsimonious, i.e. you'll have a lot more parameters
floating
around. But the real question is, what is most appropriate given your
theory and the empirical reality? If the effects of everything really
is
different across every group, then you should estimate separate
models. But, if the effects do not differ across groups, then you are
producing unnecessarily complicated models, and you are also reducing
your
statistical power, e.g. by not pooling groups when you should be pooling
them you'll be more likely to conclude that effects do not differ from
zero
when they really do.
These sorts of issues are discussed in
http://www.nd.edu/~rwilliam/stats2/l51.pdf
http://www.nd.edu/~rwilliam/stats2/l92.pdf
-------------------------------------------
Richard Williams, Notre Dame Dept of Sociology
OFFICE: (574)631-6668, (574)631-6463
FAX: (574)288-4373
HOME: (574)289-5227
EMAIL: [email protected]
WWW (personal): http://www.nd.edu/~rwilliam
WWW (department): http://www.nd.edu/~soc
*
* For searches and help try:
* http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/res/findit.html
* http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
* http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
*
* For searches and help try:
* http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/res/findit.html
* http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
* http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
```

**Follow-Ups**:

- Prev by Date:
**Re: st: Dummy Variables vs. Subgroup Models in Logistic Regression** - Next by Date:
**Re: st: Re: ST wish list and dbrowse** - Previous by thread:
**st: How to compute SE for linear or nonlinear combination of params?** - Next by thread:
**RE: st: Dummy Variables vs. Subgroup Models in Logistic Regression** - Index(es):

© Copyright 1996–2024 StataCorp LLC | Terms of use | Privacy | Contact us | What's new | Site index |