# st: Re: xtsum -- meaning of within "min" and "max"

 From "Scott Merryman" <[email protected]> To <[email protected]> Subject st: Re: xtsum -- meaning of within "min" and "max" Date Wed, 16 Jul 2003 22:18:32 -0500

```----- Original Message -----
From: "david reinstein" <[email protected]>
To: <[email protected]>
Sent: Wednesday, July 16, 2003 7:32 PM
Subject: st: xtsum -- meaning of within "min" and "max"

> The "min" and "max" part of the within column of xtsum
> confuses me -- it must be some sort of difference, but
> I cant figure out what!  It gives strange fractional
> values for 0,1 variables, gives absurdly large or
> small values in some cases, sometimes gives negative
> values, but gives only positive values for an income
> variable.
> -Anyone know what this is doing?
>

The within transformation demeans the data.  In particular, it substracts
the group mean and then adds in the overall mean to the series.

Try this:

. use http://www.stata-press.com/data/r8/grunfeld.dta

. by com: egen double invest_bar = mean(invest)

. egen double invest_bar2 = mean(invest)

. gen double invest_demeaned = invest - invest_bar + invest_bar2

. xtsum invest

Variable         |      Mean   Std. Dev.       Min        Max |
Observations
-----------------+--------------------------------------------+-------------
---
invest   overall |  145.9583   216.8753        .93     1486.7 |     N =
200
between |             198.8242     3.0845     608.02 |     n =
10
within  |             106.1986  -204.3617   1024.638 |     T =
20

. sum invest_demeaned

Variable |       Obs        Mean    Std. Dev.       Min        Max
-------------+--------------------------------------------------------
invest_dem~d |       200    145.9583    106.1986  -204.3617   1024.638

Hope this helps,
Scott

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