[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date index][Thread index]

From |
"Don Spady" <[email protected]> |

To |
<[email protected]> |

Subject |
st: Re: RE: Sample size |

Date |
Mon, 28 Apr 2003 11:07:14 -0600 |

```
Paul
Thanks for your reply. Indeed I want to estimate prevalence, with
the interval being from 0.0001 to 0.0003 or there abouts. I was told
that the prevalence of the disease was between 1:200 and 1:2000,
possibly closer to the 1:200. By shooting at 0.0005, I would get the
worst case scenario. The confidence interval is hard to guess (say the
real value is 1:200 and I test for 1:2000, how do I estimate a
confidence interval) If the presence or absence follows a poisson
distribution, then the variance is 1:2000 and the SD is 0.0224, I think.
Does this make much sense.
Don
----- Original Message -----
From: "VISINTAINER PAUL" <[email protected]>
To: <[email protected]>
Sent: Monday, April 28, 2003 10:09
Subject: st: RE: Sample size
> Don,
>
> The problem you are having with sample size is that you haven't given
enough
> information. It isn't clear whether you want to simply estimate the
> prevalence/incidence of a condition in the population; whether you
want to
> "test" whether the occurrence in the population is really .001, or
whether
> you want to test the difference between groups, assuming the
occurrence in
> general is .001. The last two options require you to specify an
alternative
> hypothesis, which you haven't given.
>
> Using your sampsi input, you are specifying a comparison between a
> prevalence of 1 per 1000 vs. none (or a really very, very rare
prevalence).
> In this case you're specifying that the null value is .001 and your
> alternative is that it is much more rare than that. If you reverse
your
> figures (e.g., sampsi 0 .001, p(.8)) you're specifying that the null
value
> is near 0 and your alternative hypothesis is that it is much more
prevalent.
>
>
> (I was actually surprised that sampsi performed the calculation with 0
as an
> entry. I suppose it actually uses a very small value for 0.)
>
> For the first option, you rather just estimate the prevalence of this
> condition, (which you think is pretty rare at .001), you might want to
focus
> on the precision of the estimate by specifying the width of the
confidence
> interval. I don't think we can get a sample size estimate based on
the
> width of a confidence interval using sampsi.
>
> So, what do you want to do?
>
> Paul
>
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Don Spady [mailto:[email protected]]
> Sent: Monday, April 28, 2003 11:19 AM
> To: Statalist
> Subject: st: Sample size
>
> Dear all
> I sent this before but got no response. I have revised it.
> I want to estimate the sample size needed to detect an disease that
> occurs in 1 out of 1000 people (as an example). The alternate
> state is absence of disease which would occur in 999 of 1000 people on
> average. The problem is that I get numbers but I don't know if they
> are the
> right ones. Can I use sampsi grp1 being those with disease and Grp2
> being
> those without disease. Or do I use sampsi 0.001, onesample as in:
>
> sampsi 0.001 0, p(0.8) onesample
>
> I need help and thank in advance those that provide it.
>
> Donald Spady
> Dep't of Pediatrics, University of Alberta
> (780) 407-1244
>
> Nature has no reset button.
>
> Donald Spady
> Dep't of Pediatrics, University of Alberta
> (780) 407-1244
>
> Nature has no reset button.
>
>
> *
> * For searches and help try:
> * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/res/findit.html
> * http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
> * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
> *
> * For searches and help try:
> * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/res/findit.html
> * http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
> * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>
*
* For searches and help try:
* http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/res/findit.html
* http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
* http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
```

**References**:**st: RE: Sample size***From:*VISINTAINER PAUL <[email protected]>

- Prev by Date:
**st: RE: Sample size** - Next by Date:
**st: comparing wald chi2 statistics from xtgee?** - Previous by thread:
**st: RE: Sample size** - Next by thread:
**st: RE: Sample size** - Index(es):

© Copyright 1996–2024 StataCorp LLC | Terms of use | Privacy | Contact us | What's new | Site index |