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# Re: st: MI: Multiple Imputation

 From Shikha Sinha To statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject Re: st: MI: Multiple Imputation Date Mon, 20 Dec 2010 17:04:53 -0500

```Thanksa lot!

On Mon, Dec 20, 2010 at 4:17 PM, Wesley D. Eddings, StataCorp
<weddings@stata.com> wrote:
> impute a categorical variable:
>
>> Hi,
>>
>> I am using -mi for imputing the missing values. The variable is "edu" has
>> five categories (1=primary, 2=secondary, and so on...). I used the following
>> command:
>>
>> ...
>>
>> mi impute mvn edu = i.gender age country, add (5)
>> mi estimate, or: logistic Y X1 X2 edu
>>
>> ...
>>
>> (a) Why some observations have negative values for  _1_edu, _2_edu, _3_edu,
>
>
> The -mi impute mvn- command uses a multivariate normal model and treats "edu"
> as continuous, so the imputed values are not guaranteed to be positive.
> Shikha may instead use -mi impute ologit- or -mi impute mlogit-, depending on
> whether or not the categories of "edu" should be considered ordered.
>
>
>> (b) How do we use the five new generated variable? Can I just run
>>
>> logistic Y X1 X2 _1_edu
>>
>> or
>>
>> logistic Y X1 X2 _2_edu
>>
>> (c) Can I create a dummy for primary or secondary schooling from the imputed
>> values _1_edu?
>
>
> The five new variables _1_edu, _2_edu, ... , _5_edu are the imputed values of
> "edu" in the -wide- style for each of the five imputations.  It is not
> appropriate to include the new variables directly as predictors; the
> appropriate command for a multiple-imputation analysis is -mi estimate-, as
> illustrated in Shikha's code.  -mi estimate- will analyze the five imputations
> and combine them into a single multiple-imputation result.
>
> Shikha may add the i. factor-variable prefix to "edu" to include dummies for
> the imputed "edu" variable.  It is not necessary to create dummies manually
> from a -mi- variable like _1_edu.
>
> We also recommend that Shikha include the variables Y, X1, and X2 in the
> imputation model.  More model-building guidelines appear in the "Model
> building" section of the documentation entry -[MI] mi impute-.
>
> --Wes
> weddings@stata.com
>
>
>
>
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```