Bookmark and Share

Notice: On March 31, it was announced that Statalist is moving from an email list to a forum. The old list will shut down at the end of May, and its replacement, statalist.org is already up and running.


[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

RE: st: How does Stata calculate percentiles?


From   Nick Cox <n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk>
To   "'statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu'" <statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu>
Subject   RE: st: How does Stata calculate percentiles?
Date   Sun, 24 Oct 2010 17:42:23 +0100

Phil gave a good answer. However, once you have the -centile- result in memory, 

local cutpoint=r(c_1)
recode price (min/`cutpoint'=0) (`cutpoint'/max=1), gen(pricecat)

can be replaced by one line 

gen pricecat = (price >= r(c_1)) if !missing(price)

which yields 0, 1 and numeric missing as appropriate.

On the other hand, why do you want to throw away information like this? 

Nick 
n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk 

Phil Clayton

One way to do it would be to obtain the centile using the -centile- command, then -recode- the variable to create the indicator variable.

Example:
sysuse auto
centile price, centile(33)
local cutpoint=r(c_1)
recode price (min/`cutpoint'=0) (`cutpoint'/max=1), gen(pricecat)

If you wanted the indicator variable to be 1 if the variable is >= the cutpoint (as opposed to >), swap the two recoding rules (once one rule is matched, the subsequent rules are ignored).

See the manual for -centile- to see how it's calculated. It's pretty standard. With regards to "su varname, d", see -help summarize- and the manual for -summarize-

On 24/10/2010, at 3:27 PM, Grace Jessie wrote:

> I want to generate a new variable equaling 1 if the other variable is greater than its 100/3 percentile and 0 otherwise.How to get the 100/3th percentile of a variable?
> And how does Stata calculate percentiles if the number of observations is odd or even?
> Additionally, what does the output "smallest and largest" mean after "su varname,d"?

*
*   For searches and help try:
*   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
*   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
*   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/


© Copyright 1996–2014 StataCorp LP   |   Terms of use   |   Privacy   |   Contact us   |   Site index