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# Re: st: How does Stata calculate percentiles?

 From Phil Clayton To statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject Re: st: How does Stata calculate percentiles? Date Sun, 24 Oct 2010 16:42:41 +1100

```One way to do it would be to obtain the centile using the -centile- command, then -recode- the variable to create the indicator variable.

Example:
sysuse auto
centile price, centile(33)
local cutpoint=r(c_1)
recode price (min/`cutpoint'=0) (`cutpoint'/max=1), gen(pricecat)

If you wanted the indicator variable to be 1 if the variable is >= the cutpoint (as opposed to >), swap the two recoding rules (once one rule is matched, the subsequent rules are ignored).

See the manual for -centile- to see how it's calculated. It's pretty standard. With regards to "su varname, d", see -help summarize- and the manual for -summarize-

Phil

On 24/10/2010, at 3:27 PM, Grace Jessie wrote:

> Dear statalists,
> I want to generate a new variable equaling 1 if the other variable is greater than its 100/3 percentile and 0 otherwise.How to get the 100/3th percentile of a variable?
> And how does Stata calculate percentiles if the number of observations is odd or even?
> Additionally, what does the output "smallest and largest" mean after "su varname,d"?
> Thanks!
>
> Grace
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