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Re: st: Re: Loop programming

From   Jeph Herrin <>
Subject   Re: st: Re: Loop programming
Date   Thu, 07 May 2009 10:24:37 -0400

I have often wished that Stata locals (or scalars) could be
specified as arrays. There are two ways I usually deal with this
problem, depending on how many values I have, and how they are
indexed. The first is to subscript a bunch of locals:

 local tsm1 = 1.2
 local tsm2 = 1.5
 local tsm3 = 4.5
 local tsm100=166.4

Typing them all in is tedious, but once there, they are easily
checked and/or edited for accuracy. You can put these in a separate
file and -include- that do file, which tidies things up and makes
them accessible to other files. Then you can refer to them inside
your loop with


The other way is to put them in a matrix.

 delimiter ;
 matrix input TSM = (
	1 1.2 \
	2 1.5 \
	3 4.5 \
	100 166.4
 delimiter cr

Which can be easier to work with in some situations, eg, if you
don't know ahead of time how many values you will have, you can
get the dimensions of the matrix, pull off the first column for
indexing, etc.

hope this helps,

Sherriff, Martyn wrote:

Sorry - forgot the truncated line problem

I have an analysis where I need to compare a set of repeat measurements to a known standard value and then visualise the data in a stripplot with the standard value as a reference line, and this is repeated over several different systems and each system has a different standard value. Eventually there will be in excess of 100 systems.

	I have used a simple forvalues loop for this, but my problem is how to get the standard values into the loop. My crude and inefficient solution is to add standard values to the dataset, calculate their mean value, and then use this as the reference.

set more off
forvalues i=1/7{
	di "`: label (sys) `i''"
		su ts if sys==`i'
		local tsm=r(mean)
	ttest m=`tsm' if sys==`i'
	stripplot m if sys==`i',over(bn) vert bar stack separate(set) title("`: label (sys) `i''") yline(`tsm')
set more on

	Is there a straight forward method of getting these standard values into the loop? Eventually there will be in excess of 100 systems.

Many thanks,

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