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Re: st: Creating a new variable with information from other observations

From   "Teresio Poggio" <>
Subject   Re: st: Creating a new variable with information from other observations
Date   Sun, 18 May 2008 15:12:43 +0200

Dear Davide,

from your dataset I'd build a just capitals dataset:
- select just the capitals (drop if cityid !=capitalid)
- in the new dataset keep just capitalid and latitude
- rename latitude into latitude_capital
- sort the data by capitalid and save it

then open you original data set and sort it by capitalid,
merge it with the new "just capital dataset" using capitalid as a key
and the option uniqmaster
(help merge for details)

Hope this helps.


On Sun, May 18, 2008 at 2:22 PM, Davide Cantoni
<> wrote:
> Hello,
> I am having a rather intricate problem in creating a new variable in a
> panel dataset, and I appreciate any help you could offer. I hope the
> problem can potentially be of general interest.
> I have a panel dataset of cities and their characteristics in
> different countries. I know the latitude of each one of these cities,
> but now I want to create an additional variable reflecting the
> latitude of the capital city of the country a given city lies in. So
> for example: for the cities of New York, Chicago, etc., I want this
> new variable to contain the latitude of Washington, DC.
> Here is a description of the dataset's structure: it is a panel in
> long form, with cities in different countries, observed over different
> years. Each city has a unique numeric identifier, "cityid". Then there
> is a country identifier, called "countryid". Finally, there is a
> variable that repeats the capital city's cityid for each city in a
> given country, "capitalid". For instance, if the cityid of London was
> 135, all cities in the dataset that are in the UK would get a value of
> 135 in the variable "capitalid". Finally, there is a variable called
> "latitude" that refelcts the latitude of each city.
> How would I now proceed to create this new variable, call it
> "latitude_capital", by using the variables above?
> Basically, the problem I'm having is
> - tell stata to look up for each city its capitalid
> - browse the dataset until you find a city that has the cityid equal
> to this capitalid
> - find out the latitude of this capital city
> - go back to the original city and replace "latitude_capital" with the
> latitude you've just retrieved
> The additional problem I encounter while trying to construct something
> with "foreach..." (that, at least, is what I was trying so far) is
> that the values that the capitalid variable takes are of course not a
> clean numlist (like "1(1)100"), but rather a sequence of numbers
> without any regularity, such as 11 12 50 54 60 131... and so on.
> Thanks for your suggestions!
> Davide Cantoni
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dr. Teresio Poggio
LaboR - Dipartimento di Sociologia e ricerca sociale
UniversitÓ degli studi di Trento
Piazza Venezia, 41
38100 Trento, Italy
Tel +39 0461/881406
fax: +39 0461/881348

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