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Re: st: Svy design statement and svydes error


From   jpitblado@stata.com (Jeff Pitblado, StataCorp LP)
To   statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
Subject   Re: st: Svy design statement and svydes error
Date   Tue, 29 May 2007 23:49:12 -0500

Arnold Levinson <Arnold.Levinson@UCHSC.edu> asks about an error message from
-svydes- when the PSU variable was also specified in the -strata()- option for
the second stage:

> In a two-stage sampling design, I successfully assign the following
> setting:
> 
> svyset class_id [pw=w2f2f3], strata(skulid) fpc(fpc1) || unit,
> strata(class_id) fpc(fpc2)
> 
> When I run -- svydes -- I get an r(198) error:
> 
> variable class_id specified more than once as a survey design
> characteristic
> 
> Am I missing something? How else declare second-stage sampling within
> clusters?

Stata's -svydes- command (and -svy- prefix) will report an error when it finds
that one of the survey design variables is being used in multiple places.
This check is meant to prevent the redundant or erroneous specification of
survey design variables.

The second stage strata are identified by the combinations of values from
three variables:

1.  the -strata()- variable from stage 1
2.  the PSU variable from stage 1
3.  the -strata()- variable from stage 2

If the sampling units were not further stratified (within the PSUs) in the
second stage, the second stage strata are identified by the PSU and -strata()-
variables from stage 1.

Specifying -strata(class_id)- in the second stage is unnecessary.

	. svyset class_id [pw=w2f2f3], strata(skulid) fpc(fpc1)	///
		|| unit, fpc(fpc2)

In other words, a stage 2 -strata()- variable is only necessary when the stage
2 units are sampled using stratification within the stage 1 units.

--Jeff
jpitblado@stata.com
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