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Re: st: Levels of instruments in fixed effects xtivreg
Date sent: Wed, 08 Sep 2004 13:13:49 -0400
From: Katie Winder <email@example.com>
Subject: st: Levels of instruments in fixed effects xtivreg
To: Statalist <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Send reply to: email@example.com
> Dear Statalist,
> I am estimating a wage equation with several endogenous regressors using
> xtivreg, fe using instruments Z. I would like to include levels of Z as
> instruments as well as mean deviations of Z, but xtivreg, fe seems to
> automatically difference the instruments along with the other variables.
> Does anyone know of a way to trick Stata into including levels as well as
I'm not sure I understand, or if this makes sense with fixed effects.
(a) xtivreg,fe is equivalent to (b) standard IV with fixed effects
added by hand, and (c) demeaning all your variables (dependent,
regressors, excluded instruments) and then running standard IV.
You can see this from the following silly example using the auto
dataset. The variables prefixed with c_ are in mean-deviation form
(created using Ben Jann's -center- command). -foreign- is the fixed
by foreign: center price mpg weight, prefix(c_)
xtivreg price (mpg=weight), fe i(foreign)
ivreg2 price foreign (mpg=weight)
ivreg2 c_price (c_mpg=c_weight)
The coefficient on mpg is the same in all 3 estimations.
The problem is that I can't see what it means to increase the
instrument list in the way you suggest, because you get
collinearities and the extra instruments drop out. Try it with
ivreg2 c_price (c_mpg=c_weight weight)
and you'll see that you get exactly the same results as before.
> Katie Winder
> Johns Hopkins U.
> Dept. of Economics
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Prof. Mark E. Schaffer
Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Department of Economics
School of Management & Languages
Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS UK
44-131-451-3485 CERT administrator
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