# st: RE: xtpcse vs. xtpcse, noconstant

 From "Nick Cox" To Subject st: RE: xtpcse vs. xtpcse, noconstant Date Mon, 9 Aug 2004 09:14:27 +0100

```On the R^2, your starting point is now a prediction of zero,
not a prediction of the mean response.

In a much simpler case, below,  dropping the constant
gives a higher R-sq but a totally ludicrous model. Why then
does the R-sq look so good? Because the predictions
-- which range from 11 to 30 mpg -- are much closer to
the data than a prediction of 0 than the predictions of
the first model to the mean of -mpg-. Your model is more
complicated, and I can't see your data, but I guess that
the same applies. If there is a really good reason,
like a law of physics, to force predictions through
the origin, then do it. (One can certainly improve
on a linear regression of -mpg- on -weight-, a secondary
point.)

. sysuse auto, clear
(1978 Automobile Data)

. reg mpg weight

Source |       SS       df       MS              Number of obs =      74
-------------+------------------------------           F(  1,    72) =  134.62
Model |   1591.9902     1   1591.9902           Prob > F      =  0.0000
Residual |  851.469256    72  11.8259619           R-squared     =  0.6515
Total |  2443.45946    73  33.4720474           Root MSE      =  3.4389

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mpg |      Coef.   Std. Err.      t    P>|t|     [95% Conf. Interval]
-------------+----------------------------------------------------------------
weight |  -.0060087   .0005179   -11.60   0.000    -.0070411   -.0049763
_cons |   39.44028   1.614003    24.44   0.000     36.22283    42.65774
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

. reg mpg weight , noconst

Source |       SS       df       MS              Number of obs =      74
-------------+------------------------------           F(  1,    73) =  259.18
Model |  28094.8545     1  28094.8545           Prob > F      =  0.0000
Residual |  7913.14549    73  108.399253           R-squared     =  0.7802
Total |       36008    74  486.594595           Root MSE      =  10.411

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mpg |      Coef.   Std. Err.      t    P>|t|     [95% Conf. Interval]
-------------+----------------------------------------------------------------
weight |    .006252   .0003883    16.10   0.000     .0054781     .007026
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Nick
n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk

chris carambas

>   I estimated an xtpcse model, and I observed that any of my
> runs without
> noconstant option has very low R-squared (i.e. 0.08--and this
> is the same
> result if I run it in xtreg which has no nocons option) but
> with noconstant
> option, all R-squared become high (i.e. from 0.80).Does anyone have
> explanation for that?

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