Stata 15 help for xttobit

[XT] xttobit -- Random-effects tobit models


xttobit depvar [indepvars] [if] [in] [weight] [, options]

options Description ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Model noconstant suppress constant term ll(varname|#) left-censoring variable or limit ul(varname|#) right-censoring variable or limit offset(varname) include varname in model with coefficient constrained to 1 constraints(constraints) apply specified linear constraints collinear keep collinear variables

SE vce(vcetype) vcetype may be oim, bootstrap, or jackknife

Reporting level(#) set confidence level; default is level(95) tobit perform likelihood-ratio test comparing against pooled tobit model lrmodel perform the likelihood-ratio model test instead of the default Wald test nocnsreport do not display constraints display_options control columns and column formats, row spacing, line width, display of omitted variables and base and empty cells, and factor-variable labeling

Integration intmethod(intmethod) integration method; intmethod may be mvaghermite (the default) or ghermite intpoints(#) use # quadrature points; default is intpoints(12)

Maximization maximize_options control the maximization process; seldom used

coeflegend display legend instead of statistics ------------------------------------------------------------------------- A panel variable must be specified; use xtset. indepvars may contain factor variables; see fvvarlist. depvar and indepvars may contain time-series operators; see tsvarlist. by, fp, and statsby are allowed; see prefix. iweights are allowed; see weight. Weights must be constant within panel. coeflegend does not appear in the dialog box. See [XT] xttobit postestimation for features available after estimation.


Statistics > Longitudinal/panel data > Censored outcomes > Tobit regression (RE)


xttobit fits random-effects tobit models for panel data where the outcome variable is censored. Censoring limits may be fixed for all observations or vary across observations. The user can request that a likelihood-ratio test comparing the panel tobit model with the pooled tobit model be conducted at estimation time.


+-------+ ----+ Model +------------------------------------------------------------

noconstant; see [R] estimation options.

ll(varname|#) and ul(varname|#) indicate the lower and upper limits for censoring, respectively. Observations with depvar < ll() are left-censored; observations with depvar > ul() are right-censored; and remaining observations are not censored.

offset(varname), constraints(constraints), collinear; see [R] estimation options.

+----+ ----+ SE +---------------------------------------------------------------

vce(vcetype) specifies the type of standard error reported, which includes types that are derived from asymptotic theory (oim) and that use bootstrap or jackknife methods (bootstrap, jackknife); see [XT] vce_options.

+-----------+ ----+ Reporting +--------------------------------------------------------

level(#); see [R] estimation options.

tobit specifies that a likelihood-ratio test comparing the random-effects model with the pooled (tobit) model be included in the output.

lrmodel, nocnsreport; see [R] estimation options.

display_options: noci, nopvalues, noomitted, vsquish, noemptycells, baselevels, allbaselevels, nofvlabel, fvwrap(#), fvwrapon(style), cformat(%fmt), pformat(%fmt), sformat(%fmt), and nolstretch; see [R] estimation options.

+-------------+ ----+ Integration +------------------------------------------------------

intmethod(intmethod), intpoints(#); see [R] estimation options.

+--------------+ ----+ Maximization +-----------------------------------------------------

maximize_options: difficult, technique(algorithm_spec), iterate(#), [no]log, trace, gradient, showstep, hessian, showtolerance, tolerance(#), ltolerance(#), nrtolerance(#), nonrtolerance, and from(init_specs); see [R] maximize. These options are seldom used.

The following option is available with xttobit but is not shown in the dialog box:

coeflegend; see [R] estimation options.

Technical note

The random-effects model is calculated using quadrature, which is an approximation whose accuracy depends partially on the number of integration points used. We can use the quadchk command to see if changing the number of integration points affects the results. If the results change, the quadrature approximation is not accurate given the number of integration points. Try increasing the number of integration points using the intpoints() option and again run quadchk. Do not attempt to interpret the results of estimates when the coefficients reported by quadchk differ substantially. See [XT] quadchk for details and [XT] xtprobit for an example.

Because the xttobit likelihood function is calculated by Gauss-Hermite quadrature, on large problems, the computations can be slow. Computation time is roughly proportional to the number of points used for the quadrature.


Setup . webuse nlswork3 . xtset idcode

Fit random-effects (RE) tobit model . xttobit ln_wage union age grade not_smsa south##c.year, ul(1.9)

Same as above, but increase the number of integration points from 12 to 25 . xttobit ln_wage union age grade not_smsa south##c.year, ul(1.9) intpoints(25)

Same as above, but report likelihood-ratio test comparing RE model with the pooled model . xttobit ln_wage union age grade not_smsa south##c.year, ul(1.9) intpoints(25) tobit

Stored results

xttobit stores the following in e():

Scalars e(N) number of observations e(N_g) number of groups e(N_unc) number of uncensored observations e(N_lc) number of left-censored observations e(N_rc) number of right-censored observations e(N_cd) number of completely determined observations e(k) number of parameters e(k_eq) number of equations in e(b) e(k_eq_model) number of equations in overall model test e(k_dv) number of dependent variables e(df_m) model degrees of freedom e(ll) log likelihood e(ll_0) log likelihood, constant-only model e(ll_c) log likelihood, comparison model e(chi2) chi-squared e(chi2_c) chi-squared for comparison test e(rho) rho e(sigma_u) panel-level standard deviation e(sigma_e) standard deviation of epsilon_it e(n_quad) number of quadrature points e(g_min) smallest group size e(g_avg) average group size e(g_max) largest group size e(p) p-value for model test e(rank) rank of e(V) e(rank0) rank of e(V) for constant-only model e(ic) number of iterations e(rc) return code e(converged) 1 if converged, 0 otherwise

Macros e(cmd) xttobit e(cmdline) command as typed e(depvar) names of dependent variables e(ivar) variable denoting groups e(llopt) contents of ll() e(ulopt) contents of ul() e(k_aux) number of auxiliary parameters e(wtype) weight type e(wexp) weight expression e(title) title in estimation output e(offset1) offset e(chi2type) Wald or LR; type of model chi-squared test e(chi2_ct) Wald or LR; type of model chi-squared test corresponding to e(chi2_c) e(vce) vcetype specified in vce() e(intmethod) integration method e(distrib) Gaussian; the distribution of the random effect e(opt) type of optimization e(which) max or min; whether optimizer is to perform maximization or minimization e(ml_method) type of ml method e(user) name of likelihood-evaluator program e(technique) maximization technique e(properties) b V e(predict) program used to implement predict e(marginsok) predictions allowed by margins e(asbalanced) factor variables fvset as asbalanced e(asobserved) factor variables fvset as asobserved

Matrices e(b) coefficient vector e(Cns) constraints matrix e(ilog) iteration log e(gradient) gradient vector e(V) variance-covariance matrix of the estimators

Functions e(sample) marks estimation sample

© Copyright 1996–2018 StataCorp LLC   |   Terms of use   |   Privacy   |   Contact us   |   What's new   |   Site index