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# Re: st: weights

 From Steve Samuels To statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject Re: st: weights Date Wed, 15 May 2013 18:44:28 -0400

```It's possible that the weights have been normalized to sum to sample
size or to another constant. Simon can check this hypothesis easily
with:

. total weight_variable

I think that such normalization is regrettable. For one thing,
normalization makes it impossible to estimate population totals. Also,
the normalized weights lose much of their diagnostic value. For example,
I once discovered a defective design by comparing estimated totals to
external values. The original weights have a natural scale, the "number of
population members represented"; the normalized weights do not. Thus
with original weights, it is easy to both identify and characterize
extremes. With normalized weights, extremely small
weights (close to or < 1) cannot even be detected.

Steve

On May 15, 2013, at 3:17 PM, David Hoaglin wrote:

Dear Simon,

It would be helpful to hear from others who have more experience with
the various types of weights, but I doubt that you can determine, from
only the numerical values of the weights in your data, which type of
weight they are.  The person who created the dataset should have
documented the process that produced the weights and thus explained
the type of weight.

David Hoaglin

On Tue, May 14, 2013 at 6:15 PM, Cheng, Hsu-Chih <simon.cheng@uconn.edu> wrote:
> Dear Statalist veterans,
>
> Stata offers four options of weights: frequency weights, analytic weights, sampling weights, and importance weights.  Winship and Radbill (1994) suggest that un-weighted regression is preferred because it is less biased and more consistent than the weighted analysis, but their discussion is applicable only to sampling weights.  If the values of weights in my data center around 1 (some values are smaller than 1; some are greater), is it possible that these are still sampling weights?  Or, if the weights in the data are analytic or importance weights, what are the properties of using these weights in regression analysis?  Any suggestion or direction to read more on this issue is highly appreciate.
>
> Best,
>
> Simon

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