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# Re: st: RE: disequilibrium model

 From Matt To statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject Re: st: RE: disequilibrium model Date Mon, 22 Apr 2013 12:39:14 +0100

```Mark,

Thanks for your reply and i have previously looked into the movestay command, but still unsure whether it is the correct estimation method to use after reading the Lockshin and Sajaya's paper. Thanks for your advice and I will look into the specification again. Thanks for your advice about the 'findit' options.

Matt

On 22 Apr 2013, at 12:21, Schaffer, Mark E wrote:

> Matt,
>
> -movestay- by Lokshin and Sajaya estimates the kind of "switching-regression" model you are working with - see description below.  Playing with the -findit- turned up some other options, e.g., switchr (Zimmerman) and  ssm (Miranda and Rabe-Hesketh).
>
> HTH,
> Mark
>
>    movestay uses the maximum likelihood method to estimate the endogenous
>    switching regression model.  It is implemented using the d2 evaluator to
>    calculate the overall log likelihood together with its first and second
>    derivatives.
>
>    movestay estimates all of the parameters in the model:
>
>        (regression equation for regime 1: y1 is depvar1, x1 is varlist1)
>                y1 = x1 * b1 + e_1
>
>        (regression equation for regime 2: y2 is depvar2, x2 is varlist2)
>                y2 = x1 * b2 + e_1
>
>        (selection equation: Z is varlist_s)
>                y1 observed if Zg + u > 0
>                y2 observed if Zg + u <= 0
>
>        where:
>                e_1 ~ N(0, sigma1)
>                e_2 ~ N(0, sigma1)
>                u ~ N(0, 1)
>                corr(e_1, u) = rho_1
>                corr(e_2, u) = rho_2
>
>    Here depvar1, depvar2 and varlist1, varlist2 are the dependent variables
>    and regressors for the underlying regression models (y1, y2 = xb), and
>    varlist_s specifies the variables Z thought to determine which regime is
>    observed.
>
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu [mailto:owner-
>> statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] On Behalf Of Matt
>> Sent: 22 April 2013 11:05
>> To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
>> Subject: st: disequilibrium model
>>
>> Hi,
>>
>> I'm current working on the disequilibrium model as in the Maddala and
>> Nelson (1974).
>>
>> Quantity of demand (qDt) = B1X'1t + u1t
>> Quantity of supply (qSt) = B2X'2t + u2t
>> Quantity observed (qt) = min (qDt, qSt)
>>
>> the model consists of a demand equation qDt, a supply equation qSt, and a
>> transaction equation qt.
>> the vectors X'1t and X'2t are exogenous, independent variables, B1 B2 are
>> their coefficients, u1t and u2t are their disturbances.
>>
>> qDt and qSt in this model are the amount of bank debt demanded and
>> supplied, but they are not observed by any external party.
>> Only the amount of bank debt which was actually received, the transaction
>> amount qt can be perceived.
>> But we don't know if this transaction amount of debt is the agrees to the
>> amount demanded by the firm or whether it is limited by bank. We don't
>> know whether the firms in the sample face credit rationing - unknown
>> sample separation.
>>
>> So, to avoid writing the complicated ML programme, i uses 3-stage least
>> square to estimate the demand and supply model, but i'm confused about
>> the dependent variable should be used for estimation of demand and supply
>> equation. Indeed, for the quantity observed (qt) is the short-term bank loans
>> of the firm as in the balance sheet. But what should be the dependent
>> variable for qDt and qSt?
>>
>> Also, how can i do conditional probability in stata?
>>
>> Many thanks if you can answer my query.
>>
>> Matt
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>
>
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```