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From |
John Antonakis <John.Antonakis@unil.ch> |

To |
statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu |

Subject |
Re: st: -args- how to flag when missing or too many arguments |

Date |
Fri, 22 Mar 2013 08:51:06 +0100 |

Thanks Nick. That works.

... args no_vars df N chi too_much *nick's part, works if "`too_much'" != "" { di as err "Too many arguments. " exit 198 } *my part, does not work if "`no_vars'"=="" | "`df'"=="" | "`N'"=="" | "`chi'"=="" { di as err "You have to use four integers. " exit 498 } Best, J. __________________________________________ John Antonakis Professor of Organizational Behavior Director, Ph.D. Program in Management Faculty of Business and Economics University of Lausanne Internef #618 CH-1015 Lausanne-Dorigny Switzerland Tel ++41 (0)21 692-3438 Fax ++41 (0)21 692-3305 http://www.hec.unil.ch/people/jantonakis Associate Editor The Leadership Quarterly __________________________________________ On 22.03.2013 02:46, Nick Cox wrote:

My approach for these problems is -- in a case with only 4 arguments wanted -- args a b c d garbage if "`garbage'" != "" di as err "too many arguments" exit 198 { On Thu, Mar 21, 2013 at 10:14 PM, John Antonakis <John.Antonakis@unil.ch> wrote:Thanks, Austin. This works too, except for when w > 4; it does not display the error. The program just ignores any arguments beyond 4 arguments (as is the default in Stata). Best, J. __________________________________________ John Antonakis Professor of Organizational Behavior Director, Ph.D. Program in Management Faculty of Business and Economics University of Lausanne Internef #618 CH-1015 Lausanne-Dorigny Switzerland Tel ++41 (0)21 692-3438 Fax ++41 (0)21 692-3305 http://www.hec.unil.ch/people/jantonakis Associate Editor The Leadership Quarterly __________________________________________ On 21.03.2013 22:54, Austin Nichols wrote:John Antonakis <John.Antonakis@unil.ch>: You might also want to step through various conditions and then issue a more informative error message at the end, e.g. consider adapting this approach: cap prog drop john prog john, rclass version 12 loc err 0 args no_vars df N chi loc w: word count `no_vars' `df' `N' `chi' if `w'>4 { loc err 1 di in red "More than 4 arguments given" } foreach v in no_vars df N chi { cap confirm integer number `=``v''' if _rc!=0 { loc err 1 di in red "Arguments must be integers." } else if ``v''<0 { loc err 1 di in red "Arguments must be positive integers." } } if `err'==1 { di in red "Please enter data after the command" _c di in red " john as follows: vars df N chi" exit 198 } end On Thu, Mar 21, 2013 at 5:49 PM, daniel klein <klein.daniel.81@gmail.com> wrote:John, I think I would address this with something like this cap pr drop john pr john vers 12.1 args a b c d if !inrange(`: word count `0'', 1, 4) { di as err "Please enter data after " /// "the command john as follows: vars df N chi" e 198 } numlist "`0'" ,int r(>0) end Best Daniel -- Hi: I am writing a program and would like Stata to return an error if an argument is missing or there are too many of them. For example, if an argument is not an integer, the below will return an error: program define john, rclass version 12 args no_vars df N chi if `no_vars'<0 | `df'<0 | `N'<0 | `chi'<0 { di in red "You have to use integers." exit 498 } end Now, how do I make Stata display: di in red "Please enter data after the command john as follows: vars df N chi" .....in cases where (a) there is a missing value (i.e., the user missed putting 4 numbers) and (b) if the user provides too many numbers (i.e., 5 instead of 4).* * For searches and help try: * http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/ * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/

* * For searches and help try: * http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/ * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/

**Follow-Ups**:**Re: st: -args- how to flag when missing or too many arguments***From:*Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com>

**References**:**Re: st: -args- how to flag when missing or too many arguments***From:*daniel klein <klein.daniel.81@gmail.com>

**Re: st: -args- how to flag when missing or too many arguments***From:*Austin Nichols <austinnichols@gmail.com>

**Re: st: -args- how to flag when missing or too many arguments***From:*John Antonakis <John.Antonakis@unil.ch>

**Re: st: -args- how to flag when missing or too many arguments***From:*Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com>

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