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From |
Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com> |

To |
statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu |

Subject |
Re: st: Margins not aligned for stacked hbar grc1leg |

Date |
Thu, 14 Mar 2013 15:46:33 +0000 |

I am puzzled by these comments. You produced 6 graphs and then combined them with -grc1leg- (Vince Wiggins). That's what I meant by producing graphs separately. You can get what you seemed to want with one command and without using -grc1leg-. (Also, although you did not ask this, it's my view that you can get a much cleaner and more effective graph with a different approach.) Nick On Thu, Mar 14, 2013 at 3:40 PM, kavita sardana <kavita.sardana@teriuniversity.ac.in> wrote: > Thanks Nick > > Graphs are not produced separately, they are produced as one graph. > However, the last graph(a2.gph) is not aligned with the other 5 > graphs(a.gph, a1a.gph, a1b.gph, a1c.gph, a1d.gph) on the left margin. > > Other than that it the program is running fine. > > On Thu, Mar 14, 2013 at 7:24 PM, Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com> wrote: >> Comments on various levels: >> >> 1. This won't run without a fix: the last category of -q- is defined >> as "above 65" but the last separate graph is for "above65" and there >> are no such observations. That is, a space should be inserted to fix. >> >> 2. -grc1leg- is not explained as being user-written, and as downloaded >> from where, and the code won't run unless it is installed. >> >> 3. I don't see why the graphs are being produced separately when they >> can be produced as one. You just need -over(q)- and not to restrict >> graphs to each age category. >> >> 4. However, stacking and showing the numerical values just doesn't >> work well here when several of your percents are zero or otherwise >> very small. There just isn't enough space to put the values for small >> percents anywhere! >> >> 5. I suggest something different, in essence a table of bars. My >> -tabplot- (SSC) is one possibility, but here's an approach with >> official commands. >> >> First, you need a different data structure. >> >> reshape long a, i(q) j(answer) >> label def answer 1 "No Change" 2 "Better" 3 "Worse" 4 "No direct >> experience" 5 "Don't know" >> label val answer answer >> encode q, gen(age) >> gen a2 = round(a,1) >> >> Then I produce a table of bars. >> >> twoway bar a age, horizontal by(answer, row(1) compact legend(off) >> note("")) barw(0.7) /// >> ysc(reverse) xla(none) xsc(r(. 80)) yla(1/6, nogrid valuelabel ang(h) >> tlength(0)) ytitle("") /// >> || scatter age a, ms(none) mla(a2) xtitle("") >> >> Suggestions here: >> >> If you show the numbers, you don't need the numerical scale too. >> >> If you show the numbers, you don't need 2 decimal places. Round first. >> >> I've not disturbed your ordering, beyond correcting punctuation, but >> I'd guess that "No change" belongs between "Better" and "Worse". >> >> You need the Graph Editor too to edit "No direct experience" to two lines. >> >> There's more in the same vein at >> >> SJ-8-2 gr0034 . . . . . . . . . . Speaking Stata: Between tables and graphs >> (help labmask, seqvar if installed) . . . . . . . . . . . . N. J. Cox >> Q2/08 SJ 8(2):269--289 >> outlines techniques for producing table-like graphs >> >> and a .pdf is accessible at >> http://www.stata-journal.com/sjpdf.html?articlenum=gr0034 >> >> Nick >> >> On Thu, Mar 14, 2013 at 8:46 AM, kavita sardana >> <kavita.sardana@teriuniversity.ac.in> wrote: >>> I am combining 5 stacked hbar graphs. For the last hbar graph, for age >>> group "above 65", margins are not aligned. Will appreciate any help on >>> this. >>> >>> >>> clear all >>> >>> input str25 q a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 >>> >>> "18-24" 14.29 52.63 26.32 6.77 0.00 >>> >>> "25-34" 9.04 65.96 23.40 1.60 0.00 >>> >>> "35-44" 10.67 54.49 33.15 0.56 1.12 >>> >>> "45-54" 9.01 67.57 22.52 0.90 0.00 >>> >>> "55-64" 10.29 61.76 23.53 4.41 0.00 >>> >>> "above 65" 0.00 69.23 30.77 0.00 0.00 >>> >>> end >>> >>> graph hbar a1-a5 if q=="18-24", percent over(q, label (labsize(tiny)) >>> gap(20)) blabel(bar, format(%3.2f) position(center)) ytitle("Age") /// >>> >>> stack legend(off) yscale(off) yline(20 40 60 80 ,lwidth(0.25) lcolor(black)) /// >>> >>> saving(a1, replace)yscale(off) plotregion(margin( b+1 t+1)) outergap(50) >>> >>> >>> >>> graph hbar a1-a5 if q=="25-34", percent over(q, label (labsize(tiny)) >>> gap(20)) blabel(bar, format(%3.2f) position(center)) ytitle("Age") /// >>> >>> stack legend(off) yscale(off) yline(20 40 60 80 ,lwidth(0.25)lcolor(black)) /// >>> >>> saving(a1a, replace)yscale(off) plotregion(margin( b+1 t+1)) outergap(50) >>> >>> >>> >>> graph hbar a1-a5 if q=="35-44", percent over(q, label (labsize(tiny)) >>> gap(20)) blabel(bar, format(%3.2f) position(center)) ytitle("Age") /// >>> >>> stack legend(off) yscale(off) yline(20 40 60 80 ,lwidth(0.25) lcolor(black)) /// >>> >>> saving(a1b, replace)yscale(off) plotregion(margin( b+1 t+1)) outergap(50) >>> >>> >>> >>> graph hbar a1-a5 if q=="45-54", percent over(q, label (labsize(tiny)) >>> gap(20)) blabel(bar, format(%3.2f) position(center)) ytitle("Age") /// >>> >>> stack legend(off) yscale(off) yline(20 40 60 80 ,lwidth(0.25)lcolor(black)) /// >>> >>> saving(a1c, replace)yscale(off) plotregion(margin( b+1 t+1)) outergap(50) >>> >>> >>> >>> graph hbar a1-a5 if q=="55-64", percent over(q, label (labsize(tiny)) >>> gap(20)) blabel(bar, format(%3.2f) position(center)) ytitle("Age") /// >>> >>> stack legend(off) yscale(off) yline(20 40 60 80 ,lwidth(0.25) lcolor(black)) /// >>> >>> saving(a1d, replace)yscale(off) plotregion(margin( b+1 t+1)) outergap(50) >>> >>> >>> >>> graph hbar a1-a5 if q=="above65", percent over(q,label (labsize(tiny)) >>> gap(40)) blabel(bar, format(%3.2f) position(center)) ytitle("Age") /// >>> >>> stack legend(span rows(1) label(1 "No Change") label(2 "Better") /// >>> >>> label(3 "Worse") label(4 "No direct experience") label(5 "Dont know") /// >>> >>> size(tiny)) /// >>> >>> yline(20 40 60 80 ,lwidth(0.25 ) lcolor(black)) saving(a2, replace) >>> >>> grc1leg a1.gph a1a.gph a1b.gph a1c.gph a1d.gph a2.gph, cols(1) /// >>> >>> imargin(0 0 0 0) xcommon legendfrom(a2.gph) >>> * * For searches and help try: * http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search * http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/resources/statalist-faq/ * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/

**Follow-Ups**:**Re: st: Margins not aligned for stacked hbar grc1leg***From:*kavita sardana <kavita.sardana@teriuniversity.ac.in>

**Re: st: Margins not aligned for stacked hbar grc1leg***From:*Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com>

**References**:**st: Margins not aligned for stacked hbar grc1leg***From:*kavita sardana <kavita.sardana@teriuniversity.ac.in>

**Re: st: Margins not aligned for stacked hbar grc1leg***From:*Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com>

**Re: st: Margins not aligned for stacked hbar grc1leg***From:*kavita sardana <kavita.sardana@teriuniversity.ac.in>

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