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# Re: st: merge and nearest value

 From David Kantor To statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject Re: st: merge and nearest value Date Sat, 18 Aug 2012 23:13:40 -0400

```First, I presume that in A, TYPE and DATE uniquely identify observations.

```
I suggest you do a -joinby- on TYPE. This will create a large multitude of observations. Then for each distinct TYPE and DATE combination, compute the difference and then select (by TYPE and DATE) the one with the minimal difference.
```You can do appropriate sorting to break ties in the manner you desire.

HTH
--David

At 07:22 PM 8/18/2012, Francesco wrote:
```
```Dear Statalist,

I wish again that you could help me with this particular merging problem...

Let say I have a dataset A as:

TYPE   DATE
A            2
A            5
A            20
B            10
B            2

and I have another dataset B as :

TYPE  Special_Date
A              2
A              6
A              20
A              22
B              5
B              6

The question is : I would like to obtain the difference between the
date of each observation in A and the closest special date in B with
the same type. In case of ties I would take the latest date of the
two.

For example I would obtain here

TYPE   DATE   Difference
A            2            0=2-2
A            5            -1=5-6
A            20            0=20-20
B            10           +4=10-6
B            2             -3=2-5

I was thinking of reshaping the dataset B in order to have the special
dates in column for each type, merging then on type with A, creating a
difference variable between the date and each special date, and taking
the minimum...
But this involves creating a lot of variables and maybe there is
something more simple ?

Many thanks for your suggestions,

Best Regards,
```
```
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