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Re: st: Binary Choice Model and fixed effects - interpreting the interaction effects?


From   Benjamin Niug <benjamin.niug@googlemail.com>
To   statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
Subject   Re: st: Binary Choice Model and fixed effects - interpreting the interaction effects?
Date   Mon, 2 Apr 2012 15:39:47 +0200

Maarten - thanks a lot for clarification.

In case of a clogit xtlogit, the baseline-trick you applied, namely
generating a variable

gen baseline = 1

and then running the logit-regression also on baseline such that the
odds ratios of the interaction effect can be compared to the baseline
odds ratio does not work due to multicollinearity of the baseline
variable.

How do I solve this problem? I guess a constant could serve the same
purpose as your baseline variable - however it is not reported
neither. How do I still come up with a meaningful interpretation?

Many thanks in advance.


Am 2. April 2012 15:17 schrieb Maarten Buis <maartenlbuis@gmail.com>:
> On Mon, Apr 2, 2012 at 2:37 PM, Benjamin Niug  wrote:
>> @Maarten. Thanks. I tried to calculated the marginal effects as
>> indicated in the paper you mentioned (M.L. Buis (2010) "Stata tip 87:
>> Interpretation of interactions in non-linear models", The Stata
>> Journal, 10(2), pp. 305-308)
>>
>> However, some interactions are not estimated / "estimable" by Stata
>> using the -margins- command.
>
> The point of that article is that you should _not_ estimate marginal
> effects. In that article I tried to be nice towards Edward Norton and
> colleagues and tried to find some situation where marginal effects
> might make some sense. I did find such a special situation in the case
> of a fully saturated model(*), but in practice you should just forget
> about that and go for odds ratios. In retrospect that inclusion of
> marginal effects in the article was a mistake as this confuses more
> than it helps.
>
> So the bottom line is: There is only one solution and that is to
> interpret the results in terms of odds ratios.
>
> Hope this helps,
> Maarten
>
> (*) A fixed effects model with covariates cannot be a fully saturated
> model, so this is not an "escape route" open to you. You really really
> really have no other option than to learn how to use and report odds,
> odds ratios and ratios of odds ratios.
>
>
>
> --------------------------
> Maarten L. Buis
> Institut fuer Soziologie
> Universitaet Tuebingen
> Wilhelmstrasse 36
> 72074 Tuebingen
> Germany
>
>
> http://www.maartenbuis.nl
> --------------------------
> *
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