Bookmark and Share

Notice: On March 31, it was announced that Statalist is moving from an email list to a forum. The old list will shut down at the end of May, and its replacement, statalist.org is already up and running.


[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: st: Working with complex strings


From   Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com>
To   statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
Subject   Re: st: Working with complex strings
Date   Wed, 30 Nov 2011 09:08:45 +0000

Parsing on spaces can be more helpful than stated here. We just need
to reject "words" once we have found the first "word" that starts with
a numeric digit. That can be done in a loop. It also copes with the
possibility that numeric characters might be found within medication
names, but _not_ with the possibility that medication names start with
numeric characters.

. split medication
variables created as string:
medication1  medication2  medication3  medication4

. gen found = 0

4 here is empirical for this example. See how many variables -split- creates.

. qui forval j = 1/4 {
  2. replace found = 1 if inrange(substr(medication`j', 1, 1), "0", "9")
  3. replace medication`j' = "" if found
  4. }

. l

     +--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
     |                   medication   medicati~1   medicati~2
medica~3   medica~4   found |
     |--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
  1. |       metoprolol 100 mg qday   metoprolol
                   1 |
  2. | metoprolol tatrate 150mg bid   metoprolol      tatrate
                   1 |
  3. |         atenelol 150 mg qday     atenelol
                   1 |
  4. |              hctz 25 mg qday         hctz
                   1 |
  5. |               PEG interferon          PEG   interferon
                   0 |
     |--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
  6. |            cimzia 50 mg qday       cimzia
                   1 |
     +--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+


Then we put the words back together again:

. egen medname = concat(medication?), p(" ")

. l medication medname

     +---------------------------------------------------+
     |                   medication              medname |
     |---------------------------------------------------|
  1. |       metoprolol 100 mg qday           metoprolol |
  2. | metoprolol tatrate 150mg bid   metoprolol tatrate |
  3. |         atenelol 150 mg qday             atenelol |
  4. |              hctz 25 mg qday                 hctz |
  5. |               PEG interferon       PEG interferon |
     |---------------------------------------------------|
  6. |            cimzia 50 mg qday               cimzia |
     +---------------------------------------------------+


On Wed, Nov 30, 2011 at 8:36 AM, Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com> wrote:
> -split- by default parses on spaces, which clearly is no good here
> given that medications can have compound names and dosages will not be
> discarded. Steve was evidently pointing to the -parse()- option, not
> suggesting that parsing on spaces was the answer.
>
> If we assume that (a) dose always starts with a number and (b) dose
> when specified always follows name of medication and (c) names never
> have numeric characters, then -split- can be used to parse on numeric
> characters. Here I used 1-9 but 0 should be added if it's ever the
> first numeric digit:
>
> . split medication, parse(1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9) limit(1)
> variable created as string:
> medication1
>
> . replace medication1 = trim(medication1)
> (5 real changes made)
>
> . l
>
>     +---------------------------------------------------+
>     |                   medication          medication1 |
>     |---------------------------------------------------|
>  1. |       metoprolol 100 mg qday           metoprolol |
>  2. | metoprolol tatrate 150mg bid   metoprolol tatrate |
>  3. |         atenelol 150 mg qday             atenelol |
>  4. |              hctz 25 mg qday                 hctz |
>  5. |               PEG interferon       PEG interferon |
>     |---------------------------------------------------|
>  6. |            cimzia 50 mg qday               cimzia |
>     +---------------------------------------------------+
>
> Another approach is to use -moss- (SSC):
>
> . moss medication, match("(.+) [1-9]+") regex
>
> . drop _count _pos1
>
> . rename _match1 medication2
>
> With this regular expression, -moss- misses names without dosages,
> which can just be copied across.
>
> . replace medication2 = medication if missing(medication2)
> (1 real change made)
>
> . l
>
>     +------------------------------------------------------------------------+
>     |                   medication          medication1          medication2 |
>     |------------------------------------------------------------------------|
>  1. |       metoprolol 100 mg qday           metoprolol           metoprolol |
>  2. | metoprolol tatrate 150mg bid   metoprolol tatrate   metoprolol tatrate |
>  3. |         atenelol 150 mg qday             atenelol             atenelol |
>  4. |              hctz 25 mg qday                 hctz                 hctz |
>  5. |               PEG interferon       PEG interferon       PEG interferon |
>     |------------------------------------------------------------------------|
>  6. |            cimzia 50 mg qday               cimzia               cimzia |
>     +------------------------------------------------------------------------+
>
> Nick
>
> On Wed, Nov 30, 2011 at 5:43 AM, Dudekula, Anwar <dudekulaan@upmc.edu> wrote:
>> Thank you very much
>>
>> I will work on it .Would the parse() option split metoprolol tatrate 150mg bid as
>>
>> metoprolol tatrate and 150mg bid
>>
>> Or
>>
>> metoprolol & tatrate & 150mg &  bid
>>
>> Thank you
>> Anwar
>>
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu [mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] On Behalf Of Steve Nakoneshny
>> Sent: Wednesday, November 30, 2011 12:38 AM
>> To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
>> Subject: Re: st: Working with complex strings
>>
>> - help split - would have answered this question.
>>
>> - split medication, parse( ) -
>>
>> should do what you want.
>
>
>  On Nov 29, 2011, at 9:54 PM, "Dudekula, Anwar" <dudekulaan@upmc.edu> wrote:
>
>>> I am working with deidentified hospitaldatabase with patient names(as string variable) and medications (as string variable)as follows
>>>
>>> Patients_name        medication
>>> ------------------------------------
>>> Patient-1            metoprolol 100 mg qday
>>> Patient-1            metoprolol tatrate 150mg bid
>>> Patient-1            atenelol 150 mg qday
>>> Patient-2            hctz 25 mg qday
>>> Patient-2            PEG interferon
>>> Patient-3            cimzia 50 mg qday
>>>
>>> Question: I am interested in name of medication only , not their dosages.Is it possible to split  the medication string  after the name  i.e.,
>>>
>>> 1) split  metoprolol tatrate 150mg bid into  metoprolol tatrate  &  150mg bid
>>> 2) split  metoprolol 100 mg qday into   metoprolol   &   100 mg qday
>>>

*
*   For searches and help try:
*   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
*   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
*   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/


© Copyright 1996–2014 StataCorp LP   |   Terms of use   |   Privacy   |   Contact us   |   Site index