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Re: st: Negative Predictive Value


From   Ronan Conroy <rconroy@rcsi.ie>
To   "statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu" <statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu>
Subject   Re: st: Negative Predictive Value
Date   Mon, 5 Sep 2011 10:27:00 +0100

On 2011 MFómh 4, at 18:17, Jayson Trinchera wrote:

> How do you compute for the minimum required sample size for
> determining the negative predictive values of two diagnostic methods
> with a binary outcome/result (either positive or negative)?


The negative predictive value is a function of the prevalence, so the sample size calculation will critically involve prevalence. 

A more general approach is based on clinical likelihood ratios, which are independent of prevalence. A useful reference is

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1941027

J Clin Epidemiol. 1991;44(8):763-70.
Likelihood ratios with confidence: sample size estimation for diagnostic test studies.
Simel DL, Samsa GP, Matchar DB.

You might note also that there is a user-written command -fagan- (by Ben Adarkwa Dwamena)which allows you to convert likelihood ratios into post-test probabilities at any given prevalence. 


Ronán Conroy
rconroy@rcsi.ie
Associate Professor
Division of Population Health Sciences
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Beaux Lane House
Dublin 2


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