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# Re: st: Imposing a line graph into a bar graph

 From Syed Basher To statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject Re: st: Imposing a line graph into a bar graph Date Tue, 12 Apr 2011 23:24:56 -0700 (PDT)

```Thank you Nick for your kind help. When I tried to extend your example to 6
variables case, I must admit I am struggling. Sometimes bar appears behind one
another. But I guess trial and error will be the way to go.

Syed

----- Original Message ----
> From: Nick Cox <njcoxstata@gmail.com>
> To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
> Sent: Tue, April 12, 2011 9:35:48 PM
> Subject: Re: st: Imposing a line graph into a bar graph
>
>
> -graph bar- and -twoway- are not compatible.  You need to switch to
> -twoway- to get this.
>
> Here is a silly example,  but some possibly useful technique.
>
> webuse grunfeld, clear
> keep if  company == 1
> keep if year < 1945
> graph bar (asis) invest mvalue kstock  , over(year)
> gen year2 = year + 0.3
> gen year3 = year - 0.3
> twoway bar  invest year3, barw(0.3) || bar mvalue year, barw(0.3) ||
> bar kstock year2 ,  barw(0.3)
> gen average = (invest + mvalue + kstock) / 3
> twoway bar invest  year3, barw(0.3) || bar mvalue year, barw(0.3) ||
> bar kstock year2 ,  barw(0.3) || line average year
>
> On offsets, see
>
> SJ-7-1   gr0026  . . . .  Stata tip 42: The overlay problem: Offset for
>clarity
>         . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . . . . . J.
Cui
>         Q1/07   SJ  7(1):141--142                                  (no
>commands)
>          tip for graphing several quantities on a continuous  axis
>
> which is accessible to all at the SJ website. (42: what a good  number;
> I should have taken that one myself.)
>
> On Tue, Apr 12, 2011 at  7:21 PM, Syed Basher <syed.basher@yahoo.com>  wrote:
>
> > I am using Stata 11.2. I have generated a bar graph  using  the following
> > command:
> > graph bar us uk jap,  over(year)
> >
> > I have a  forth variable, which is the average of (us  uk jap). I want to
>impose
> > the  fourth variable (say x1) on the bar graph  as a line graph. I have
tried
> > inserting the command for a line graph  [twoway (line x1 year)] into the
> above
> > command, which didn't work. Your  help/hint is much appreciated.
>
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```