Bookmark and Share

Notice: On March 31, it was announced that Statalist is moving from an email list to a forum. The old list will shut down at the end of May, and its replacement, statalist.org is already up and running.


[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: st: RE: Change roman to Arabic numerals


From   Sergiy Radyakin <serjradyakin@gmail.com>
To   statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
Subject   Re: st: RE: Change roman to Arabic numerals
Date   Mon, 20 Dec 2010 16:01:13 -0500

Hello.
Peter writes that his Colleague had to deal only with Roman numbers in
the range I-X. For that situation another code (one
line) can be suggested:
generate byte arabic =
strpos("=====I====II===III==IV===V====VI===VII==VIII=IX===X====","="+roman+"=")/5
if !missing(roman)
Below is a demo. Obviously the code is not easily extended to the
larger ranges, or to include dual notation for 4: "IV" and "IIII".

Nick's code is doing a great job of converting the numbers both small
and large, however it appears to be too robust,
converting even misspelled Roman numerals, such as: IM (999), or IL
(49). Both notations may occur in practice (depends
on the source of data). Wikipedia denotes them as "would not be
generally accepted". I think it would be great to modify the
code to either report them as erroneous (misspelled Roman numeral), or
convert based on the possible intuition of the
respondents (999 and 49 correspondingly), but not to incorrect values
(1001 and 51 correspondingly) as the current version
does.
Numbers like "IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII" are converted correctly, but
perhaps it's better to report an argument error in such a case.

Similarly, not used, characters are currently not reported as errors
(e.g. "K" in "XK", although one could encounter "K" in
exotic medieval Roman numerals...). This wouldn't be a problem if the
program handled all symbols of the Roman numerals,
but e.g. "S" (half) is not handled (again see Wikipedia for reference).

Best regards,
      Sergiy Radyakin



// **   DEMO   *************************************************************************

version 10
clear all

input str10 roman
"I"
"II"
"III"
"IV"
"V"
"VI"
"VII"
"VIII"
"IX"
"X"
end

local romans "=====I====II===III==IV===V====VI===VII==VIII=IX===X===="
gen byte arabic = strpos(`"`romans'"',"="+roman+"=")/5 if !missing(roman)
list

// ***************************************************************************





On Fri, Dec 17, 2010 at 2:38 PM, Nick Cox <n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk> wrote:
> I think anyone tempted to write this would be best advised to extract the subtraction parts of the syntax first, i.e. CM etc.
>
> (Also, from what I recall IIII is sometimes allowed as a non-standard variant of IV.)
>
> Here is one stab. This is a Mata function that works on a string vector of Roman numerals in upper case.
>
> Example first:
>
> . mata
>
> : stuff = ("IV", "MCMIV")
>
> : roman_to_arabic(stuff)
>          1      2
>    +---------------+
>  1 |     4   1904  |
>    +---------------+
>
> : roman_to_arabic(stuff')
>          1
>    +--------+
>  1 |     4  |
>  2 |  1904  |
>    +--------+
>
> : end
>
> Code second:
>
> mata :
>
> real roman_to_arabic(string vector roman) {
>
>        numeric vector ro
>        string vector work
>        ro = J(rows(roman), cols(roman), 0)
>        work = roman
>
>        ro = ro + 900 * (strpos(work, "CM") :> 0)
>        work = subinstr(work, "CM", "", .)
>        ro = ro + 400 * (strpos(work, "CD") :> 0)
>        work = subinstr(work, "CD", "", .)
>        ro = ro + 90 * (strpos(work, "XC") :> 0)
>        work = subinstr(work, "XC", "", .)
>        ro = ro + 40 * (strpos(work, "XL") :> 0)
>        work = subinstr(work, "XL", "", .)
>        ro = ro + 9 * (strpos(work, "IX") :> 0)
>        work = subinstr(work, "IX", "", .)
>        ro = ro + 4 * (strpos(work, "IV") :> 0)
>        work = subinstr(work, "IV", "", .)
>
>        while (sum(strpos(work, "M"))) {
>                ro = ro + 1000 * (strpos(work, "M") :> 0)
>                work = subinstr(work, "M", "", 1)
>        }
>
>        while (sum(strpos(work, "D"))) {
>                ro = ro + 500 * (strpos(work, "D") :> 0)
>                work = subinstr(work, "D", "", 1)
>        }
>
>        while (sum(strpos(work, "C"))) {
>                ro = ro + 100 * (strpos(work, "C") :> 0)
>                work = subinstr(work, "C", "", 1)
>        }
>
>        while (sum(strpos(work, "L"))) {
>                ro = ro + 50 * (strpos(work, "L") :> 0)
>                work = subinstr(work, "L", "", 1)
>        }
>
>        while (sum(strpos(work, "X"))) {
>                ro = ro + 10 * (strpos(work, "X") :> 0)
>                work = subinstr(work, "X", "", 1)
>        }
>
>        while (sum(strpos(work, "V"))) {
>                ro = ro + 5 * (strpos(work, "V") :> 0)
>                work = subinstr(work, "V", "", 1)
>        }
>
>        while (sum(strpos(work, "I"))) {
>                ro = ro + (strpos(work, "I") :> 0)
>                work = subinstr(work, "I", "", 1)
>        }
>
>        return(ro)
> }
>
> end
>
>
> Nick
> n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk
>
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu [mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] On Behalf Of Lachenbruch, Peter
> Sent: 17 December 2010 18:50
> To: 'statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu'
> Subject: st: Change roman to Arabic numerals
>
> A colleague wants to generate Arabic numbers from Roman numerals and I was = wondering if anyone has written a routine for this.  She only has I to X so=  I suggested Gen numb=(rom=="I")+2*(rom=="2")+3*(rom=="3")+4*(rom=="4"=
> )  etc.
> This is OK for this application, but not if we have many numbers.  Of course the ordering  gets messed up - I, II, III, IV, IX, V, VI, VII, VIII, X so=  encode won't work  and gen numb=3Dreal(rom) won't do either.
>
>
> *
> *   For searches and help try:
> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
> *   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>

*
*   For searches and help try:
*   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
*   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
*   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/


© Copyright 1996–2014 StataCorp LP   |   Terms of use   |   Privacy   |   Contact us   |   Site index