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Re: st:appropriate test


From   Rajaram Subramanian Potty <rajara999@gmail.com>
To   statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
Subject   Re: st:appropriate test
Date   Fri, 8 Oct 2010 10:55:19 +0530

I appologise that I did not give much information. In the year 2002,
there is a cross-sectional study conducted to estimate the STI
prevalence in one of the districts. We have two stratums rural and
urban. From the rural areas, 10 villages (PSUs) were selected
systematically using PPS. 20 urban blcocks (PSUs) were selected from
the list of urban blocks in the district using systematic selection.
We have conducted a compelte census in this selcted areas and prepared
a sampling frame for selecting the adult males and feamles aged 15-49.
The targeted samples of around 6600 were selected from this sample
frame. We have calculated the sample weights.

Again in the year 2008, we have repeated the survey in the same areas.
Conducted the census and selected the required number of 6600 adult
males and females in the same way as selected in the year, 2002.  So,
the respondents selected are independent and it is not a follow-up
study.

We wanted to test, over all whether the difference in STI prevalence
between the year 2002 and 2008 is signficant or not.  Also want to
examine the difference in some particular groups such as place of
residence (rural/Urban), sex, age etc. We are not interested in the
difference in the prevalence by PSUs,

Presently I am using the simple sytax of survey setting:

svyset psu [pweight=wt], strata(place)

svy: logistic syphilis round

The variable round indicates whether the survey is in the year 2002 or
2008 and p-value from the logistic regression is used for checking
whether there is any significant difference.

Thanks and regards,

RAJARAM. S


On Thu, Oct 7, 2010 at 8:48 PM, Steve Samuels <sjsamuels@gmail.com> wrote:
> I agree with Ronan that more information is necessary: are you
> interested in estimating rates and changes just for the sampled PSUs,
> or for the population from which they are sampled?  If you are
> interested in rates just for those PSUs, then create a combo PSU-round
> stratum variable, e.g. with:
>
> *********
> egen cstratum = group(area round)
> ********
>
> Then -svyset-  a psu variable equal to the second stage sampling unit
> (ssu2) in the survey:
>
> ****************
> svyset ssu2 [pweight= ], strata(cstratum)....
> ****************
>
> If you want to estimate for the population from which the areas were sampled:
>
> ******************
> svyset area [pweight=], strata(original stratum)  || ssu2, strata(round)
> ********************
>
> For descriptive estimates of prevalence rates and their differences, I
> recommend -svy: tab-, which uses a logit transformation for
> proportions to avoids CIs that extend below zero.  You can add finite
> population corrections if these would make a difference.
> ************************************
> webuse nhanes2
> svy: tab sex diabetes, row ci se llwald
> matrix list e(b)
> lincom _b[p22] - _b[p12]
> *************************************
>
> But you have not given us enough details about the purpose of your
> study that I can be confident of these specifications:  for example,
> whether you are confining your estimates to  particular
> sub-populations.
>
> I don't agree with Ronan's recommendation of an event-time model.  You
> have cross-sectional prevalence data, not a cohort.  So you would need
>  a "current status"  (or "status quo") model:  the information for
> each individual is their current age and whether or not they have the
> disease of interest;  other words, every individual is right-censored
> or left-censored.  From this information it is possible to reconstruct
> a  survival curve analogous to a current life table.  I'd recommend a
> logistic model, instead.  For such regression analyses, don't use the
> fpc's.
>
> Steve
>
> Steven J. Samuels
> sjsamuels@gmail.com
> 18 Cantine's Island
> Saugerties NY 12477
> USA
> Voice: 845-246-0774
> Fax:    206-202-4783
>
>
> On Wed, Oct 6, 2010 at 4:59 AM, Ronan Conroy <rconroy@rcsi.ie> wrote:
>> On 6 DFómh 2010, at 07:42, Rajaram Subramanian Potty wrote:
>>
>>> I have data from two rounds of survey conducted in the same areas
>>> (PSUs). But the individual are selected independently in both the
>>> rounds from these areas using the same statistical approaches. What
>>> would be the appropriate analysis that would be carried out to test
>>> the difference in some of the indicators between the two periods. For,
>>> example I want to test the difference in HIV prevalence between the
>>> two rounds. Is it appropriate to use the survey command by considering
>>> the PSUs are the same in both the rounds and setting the survey design
>>> according to our study. After that fitting svy: logistic to examine
>>> the difference in two rounds, is this correct way of testing the
>>> difference between the two rounds. Kindly suggest.
>>
>>
>> My first reaction would be that the most important thing needed here is a
>> sample weighting scheme that allows you to extrapolate from the sample to
>> the underlying population.
>>
>> Are the areas PSUs or strata? In other words, were the areas selected at
>> random or deliberately chosen? This affects your analysis.
>>
>> If you have presumed age of infection, you could consider using an
>> event-time model approach, using age as the time variable. This would allow
>> you to look at the shape of the hazard function. Even if you don't, the
>> hazard curve will show the cumulative prevalence by age (rather than the
>> incidence) but may still be of interest.
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> Ronán Conroy
>> Associate Professor
>> Division of Population Health Sciences
>> =================================
>>
>> rconroy@rcsi.ie
>> Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
>> Epidemiology Department,
>> Beaux Lane House, Dublin 2, Ireland
>> +353 (0)1 402 2431
>> +353 (0)87 799 97 95
>> +353 (0)1 402 2764 (Fax - remember them?)
>> http://rcsi.academia.edu/RonanConroy
>>
>> P    Before printing, think about the environment
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
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