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RE: Re: st: RE: AW: ratio function


From   "Roman Kasal" <kasal@trexima.cz>
To   <statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu>
Subject   RE: Re: st: RE: AW: ratio function
Date   Tue, 27 Apr 2010 07:48:04 +0200

"nlcom  _b[y2008:_cons]/_b[y2009:_cons]" really don't work for me (STATA 10.1)  but "nlcom [y2008]_cons/[y2009]_cons" does

btw, don't you know why this code ends with an error?

********************
est drop _all
svyset ICO [pw=vahaHMM], strata(stk2) fpc(fpc1) singleunit(centered)
svy: mean hrMzdaMes if rok==2009
est sto r2009
svy: mean hrMzdaMes if rok==2008
est sto r2008
est dir

-------------------------------------------------------
        name | command      depvar       npar  title 
-------------+-----------------------------------------
       r2009 | mean         no depvar       1  
       r2008 | mean         no depvar       1  
-------------------------------------------------------
suest r2009 r2008
impossible to retrieve e(b) and e(V) in r2009
****************

And does suest handle with "svy:mean x, over(y)"?



-----Original Message-----
From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu [mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] On Behalf Of Steve Samuels
Sent: Monday, April 26, 2010 2:17 PM
To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
Subject: Re: Re: st: RE: AW: ratio function

You're very welcome. Either syntax works. See section 13.5 of the User's Guide.

Steve

2010/4/26 Roman Kasal <kasal@trexima.cz>:
> thank you, it helps a lot!
>
> just small correction:
>
> the last command should by "nlcom [y2008]_cons/[y2009]_cons" I assume
>
> roman
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu [mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] On Behalf Of Steve Samuels
> Sent: Monday, April 26, 2010 1:23 AM
> To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
> Subject: Re: Re: st: RE: AW: ratio function
>
> My previous example was flawed, Because males and females could be
> present in the same PSU (famid), the degrees of freedom for -suest-
> did not equal the sum of the d.f. for the separate regressions.  Here
> is another  example with proper strata. Note that the degrees now add
> properly.
> Steve
>
> *************************
> webuse income, clear
> gen  year = 2008 + (famid>68)
> tab year
> svyset famid, strata(year)
> svy: reg inc if year==2008
> estimates store y2008
> svy: reg inc if year==2009
> estimates store y2009
> suest y2008 y2009
> matrix list e(V)   //results from different years are independent
> nlcom  _b[y2008:_cons]/_b[y2009:_cons]
> ***********************************************
> On Fri, Apr 23, 2010 at 10:40 AM, Steve Samuels <sjsamuels@gmail.com> wrote:
>> Just use -suest-.  Use the fact that -reg- without an argument is
>> equivalent to estimating the mean.
>>
>> ********************
>> webuse income, clear
>> svyset famid
>> svy: reg inc if male
>> estimates store Male
>> svy: reg inc if !male
>> estimates store Female
>> suest Male Female
>> nlcom _b[Male:_cons]/_b[Female:_cons]
>> *************************
>> Steve
>>
>> 2010/4/23 Roman Kasal <kasal@trexima.cz>:
>>> yes, the year is another survey (different time; the years cannot be pooled because of degrees of freedom) and is included in strata.
>>>
>>> so there is no solution for this case? just manually?
>>>
>>> -----Original Message-----
>>> From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu [mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] On Behalf Of Steve Samuels
>>> Sent: Friday, April 23, 2010 1:32 PM
>>> To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
>>> Subject: Re: Re: st: RE: AW: ratio function
>>>
>>>> "svy: mean wage, over(year)" is not equal "svy: mean wage if year==2009"
>>>
>>> The "if statement" is incorrect, unless year was a stratification
>>> variable that you identified to Stata.
>>>
>>> -nlcom- after -svy: mean-, over(year),   is the proper approach.
>>>
>>>
>>> 2010/4/23 Roman Kasal <kasal@trexima.cz>:
>>>> ok, for this purpose I agree, that is ok...but what about if I want to calculate SE of Mean in years 2009 and 2008 and then ratio with SE of the means?
>>>>
>>>> the problem is that CI of
>>>> "svy: mean wage, over(year)" is not equal "svy: mean wage if year==2009"
>>>> for the year 2009 because of different degrees of freedom (SE's are equal), the first command gives wrong CI.
>>>>
>>>> is any elegant solution to handle this in Stata with "nlcom" or do I have to calculate it manually?
>>>>
>>>> thank you
>>>>
>>>> -----Original Message-----
>>>> From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu [mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] On Behalf Of Steve Samuels
>>>> Sent: Thursday, April 22, 2010 3:08 PM
>>>> To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
>>>> Subject: Re: Re: st: RE: AW: ratio function
>>>>
>>>> The degrees of freedom are correct.  See any sampling text.
>>>>
>>>> Briefly: To identify a subpopulation, each observation in the sample
>>>> receives a 0-1  indicator variable d.   If X is the numerator variable
>>>>  and Y is the denominator variable, the numerator for the ratio of is
>>>> the sum *over the entire sample*  of Z_x = d *X and the denominator is
>>>> the sum of Z_y = d * Y.  The standard errors are based on variability
>>>> in the Z's, including the zero values.
>>>> By the way, the standard errors formulas are valid only if the
>>>> expected number of observations in a subpopulation is at least 20.
>>>>
>>>> Steve
>>>>
>>>> 2010/4/22 Roman Kasal <kasal@trexima.cz>:
>>>>> thank you for the code, but I have found a problem:
>>>>>
>>>>> if I calculate over(foreign) the bound are enumerated with "e(N_psu)-e(N_strata)" degrees of freedom, but not for each foreign (degrees of freedom are for whole dataset) and this is wrong I assume.
>>>>>
>>>>> thank you
>>>>>
>>>>> -----Original Message-----
>>>>> From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu [mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] On Behalf Of Steve Samuels
>>>>> Sent: Friday, April 02, 2010 2:58 PM
>>>>> To: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
>>>>> Subject: Re: Re: st: RE: AW: ratio function
>>>>>
>>>>> Roman
>>>>> Perhaps we misunderstand what you are asking for. I  We have been
>>>>> assuming that you  want the ratio of the means of two variables
>>>>> ("columns"?) measured possibly on the same person.  Perhaps you want
>>>>> the ratio of the means of one variable for two subpopulations.   Both
>>>>> analyses will ignore missing values.
>>>>>
>>>>> If this is not what you desire, then please demonstrate by hand what
>>>>> you do want on a small, non-survey data set.. Also I'd like to know
>>>>> which R function does what are asking for
>>>>>
>>>>>  The following do file computes the ratio of means with CI and then
>>>>> does the same for the log ratio and transforms to the original scale.
>>>>>
>>>>> -Steve
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> **************************CODE BEGINS**************************
>>>>> capture program drop _all
>>>>> program antilog
>>>>> local lparm  el(r(b),1,1)
>>>>> local se    sqrt(el(r(V),1,1))
>>>>> local bound  invttail(e(df_r),.025)*`se'
>>>>> local parm  exp(`lparm')
>>>>> local ll  exp(`lparm'  - `bound')
>>>>> local ul  exp( `lparm' + `bound')
>>>>> di  "parm =" `parm'  "    ll = " `ll'  "   ul = " `ul'
>>>>> end
>>>>>
>>>>> sysuse auto, clear
>>>>> svyset _n
>>>>> svy: mean mpg, over(foreign)
>>>>> nlcom (myratio1: _b[Domestic]/_b[Foreign])   //ratio
>>>>> nlcom (myratio2: log(_b[Domestic]/_b[Foreign]))   // log ratio
>>>>> // Confidence interval of last -nlcom- on antilog scale
>>>>> antilog
>>>>> ***************************CODE ENDS***************************
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> .
>>>>>
>>>>> On Fri, Apr 2, 2010 at 2:37 AM, Roman Kasal <kasal@trexima.cz> wrote:
>>>>>> I don't agree...so how to do it when you want to find out ratio between
>>>>>> years, male X female, ...? So there is no solution? Just to keep N,mean,
>>>>>> SE, degrees of freedom, N_strata, N_psu, .... and calculate it manually?
>>>>>> I think it is not appropriate solution, at least to have it as an
>>>>>> option. I think there is missing a lot with complex survey in Stata and
>>>>>> complex survey is needed for almost every survey research, even freeware
>>>>>> R-project is better equipped :(
>>>>>>
>>>>>> so have a hope Stata will get it soon....immediately we are buying it
>>>>>> again :)
>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>> And it should.   Data (x,y) (1,2) (2,4) (3,6) (100,.)    will give an
>>>>>> entirely different view of the data if the unpaired observation is
>>>>>> included in a mean or ratio calculation.  Or consider data with x
>>>>>> missing in half the pairs and y missing in the other half; the ratio
>>>>>> of means would be meaningless.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> The formulas for standard errors for ratios  assume that the data are
>>>>>> paired. Formally, they are based on the residual MSE of a regression
>>>>>> of y on x through the origin. You cannot do that regression with
>>>>>> unpaired data.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> If your concern is missing data, the solution is to impute the missing
>>>>>> values before analysis.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Steve
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> *
>>>>>> *   For searches and help try:
>>>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>>>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
>>>>>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> --
>>>>> Steven Samuels
>>>>> sjsamuels@gmail.com
>>>>> 18 Cantine's Island
>>>>> Saugerties NY 12477
>>>>> USA
>>>>> Voice: 845-246-0774
>>>>> Fax:    206-202-4783
>>>>>
>>>>> *
>>>>> *   For searches and help try:
>>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
>>>>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>>>>>
>>>>> *
>>>>> *   For searches and help try:
>>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
>>>>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> --
>>>> Steven Samuels
>>>> sjsamuels@gmail.com
>>>> 18 Cantine's Island
>>>> Saugerties NY 12477
>>>> USA
>>>> Voice: 845-246-0774
>>>> Fax:    206-202-4783
>>>>
>>>> *
>>>> *   For searches and help try:
>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
>>>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>>>>
>>>> *
>>>> *   For searches and help try:
>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>>>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
>>>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>>>>
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> --
>>> Steven Samuels
>>> sjsamuels@gmail.com
>>> 18 Cantine's Island
>>> Saugerties NY 12477
>>> USA
>>> Voice: 845-246-0774
>>> Fax:    206-202-4783
>>>
>>> *
>>> *   For searches and help try:
>>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
>>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>>>
>>> *
>>> *   For searches and help try:
>>> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
>>> *   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
>>> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>>>
>>
>>
>>
>> --
>> Steven Samuels
>> sjsamuels@gmail.com
>> 18 Cantine's Island
>> Saugerties NY 12477
>> USA
>> Voice: 845-246-0774
>> Fax:    206-202-4783
>>
>
>
>
> --
> Steven Samuels
> sjsamuels@gmail.com
> 18 Cantine's Island
> Saugerties NY 12477
> USA
> Voice: 845-246-0774
> Fax:    206-202-4783
>
> *
> *   For searches and help try:
> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
> *   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>
> *
> *   For searches and help try:
> *   http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search
> *   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
> *   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/
>



-- 
Steven Samuels
sjsamuels@gmail.com
18 Cantine's Island
Saugerties NY 12477
USA
Voice: 845-246-0774
Fax:    206-202-4783

*
*   For searches and help try:
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*   http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq
*   http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/

*
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