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st: R: Survival data - stset with and without enter() and exit () options


From   "Carlo Lazzaro" <carlo.lazzaro@tiscalinet.it>
To   <statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu>
Subject   st: R: Survival data - stset with and without enter() and exit () options
Date   Sat, 3 Apr 2010 08:06:48 +0200

Dear abs stata,
I suppose that the cause of this seemingly odd behaviour can be tracked down
taking a look at the following excerpt of -help stset- (Stata 9.2/SE)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
enter([varname==numlist] time exp) specifies when a subject first comes
under observation, meaning that any failures, were they to
        occur, would be recorded in the data.

    exit(failure | [varname==numlist] time exp) specifies the latest time
under which the subject is both under observation and at risk.
        The emphasis is on latest; obviously subjects also exit the risk
pool when their data run out.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Just to top off what above, for more detail on yours and other topics abou
survival analysis, I would refer you to the following:
Cleves MA, Gould WW, Gutierrez R. An Introduction To Survival Analysis Using
Stata. Revised edition. College Station: StataPress, 2004.

Please note that an updated version of the same textbook has been published
in 2008.

HTH and Kind Regards,
Carlo
-----Messaggio originale-----
Da: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
[mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] Per conto di asb stata
Inviato: sabato 3 aprile 2010 6.31
A: statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
Oggetto: st: Survival data - stset with and without enter() and exit ()
options

I am declaring the data to be survival data using stset command with and
without enter() and exit() options. In one case the total analysis time at
risk is 5869 and in the other case it is 1426901. Can someone explain what
this difference implies? I am missing something fundamental here.

. stset year, id(uid) failure(devstat=1) enter(enyr) exit(mxyr)
               id:  uid
    failure event:  devstat == 1
obs. time interval:  (year[_n-1], year]
 enter on or after:  time enyr
 exit on or before:  time mxyr
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
    4535  total obs.
       0  exclusions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
    4535  obs. remaining, representing
     716  subjects
     716  failures in single failure-per-subject data
    5869  total analysis time at risk, at risk from t =         0
                            earliest observed entry t =      1960
                                 last observed exit t =      2008

. stset year, id(uid) failure(devstat=1)
               id:  uid
    failure event:  devstat == 1
obs. time interval:  (year[_n-1], year]
 exit on or before:  failure
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
    4535  total obs.
       0  exclusions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
    4535  obs. remaining, representing
     716  subjects
     716  failures in single failure-per-subject data
 1426901  total analysis time at risk, at risk from t =         0
                            earliest observed entry t =         0
                                 last observed exit t =      2008
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