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# st: Heckman Heterogeneity (endogeneity) Bias control how to do guide for STATA needed, SPSS ref. included

 From "VUX VUX" To statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu Subject st: Heckman Heterogeneity (endogeneity) Bias control how to do guide for STATA needed, SPSS ref. included Date Wed, 31 Mar 2010 12:13:57 +0200

```Dear all,

I have a question that might have been already discussed here, as the problem I try to solve is a common one. I want to control for the endogeneity more specifically heterogeneity (not sample selection) bias with a Heckman procedure.

Since I use SPSS and never touched STATA so far, I found a good guide how to do that with SPSS (good theoretical explanation of the 2 types of selection bias problems):

http://home.planet.nl/~smit9354/selbias/Heckman-SPSS.doc

However the guide also states, that there are practical limitations – which I unfortunately experienced:

Quote: Although theoretically the procedure sounds rather well, applying it in practice is not so straightforward. An important condition for its use is that the selection equation contains at least one variable which is not related to the dependent variable in the substantial equation. If such a variable is not present (and sometimes even if such a variable is present), there may arise severe problems of multicollinearity and addition of the correction factor to the substantial equation may lead to estimation difficulties and unreliable coefficients.

--> When running the adjusted regression the Lambda and my strategic dummy variable (which was significant before the Heckman procedure) are both insignificant and have a very high VIF (>100).

I need to get this Heckman correction working (get rid of the multicollinearity) to write my paper…Now I noticed that STATA has some pre-defined functions to correct a regression model by applying the Heckman procedure. Maybe I will get different results with the STATA procedure compared to the manually calculated SPSS procedure.

As I have never used STATA, it would be great if someone here could write me how to practically get this done with STATA.

ps. in my first paper the strategic variable I want to control is a dummy variable (like in all the examples). However, in my second it is summed score, thus a continuous variable -> how can I do the Heckman control for such a variable?
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