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From |
kokootchke <kokootchke@hotmail.com> |

To |
statalist <statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu> |

Subject |
RE: st: RE: Aren't distinct factors from factor analysis or PCA orthogonal to each other? |

Date |
Mon, 17 Aug 2009 17:15:33 -0400 |

Thank you to Cameron, Bob and everybody else for the references. I have a response to Jay and a couple more questions for everybody, if you can still help me... Jay wrote: > Before you go any further I think you have a big problem to consider: 100 variables on, say 200 countries means you have WAY more covariances (or correlations) than you have countries. This means your correlation matrix is singular. I don't think I have that problem because I don't have 200 countries. I only have about 30+ countries. However, even if I had 200 countries, I don't understand exactly what the problem would be because I have all 100 variables for country i and all 100 variables for country j stacked on one another. So, I have: country year GDP inflation reserves Argentina 1990 2.3 6.4 100 Argentina 1991 2.8 7.4 250 Argentina 1992 2.6 7.0 200 ... Argentina 2006 3.2 8.0 400 Brazil 1990 1.7 5.4 120 Brazil 1991 2.1 6.3 140 Brazil 1992 2.5 7.0 180 ... So the variables I enter into my factor analysis are GDP, inflation, and reserves... and so the -factor- command in Stata knows nothing about the panel/time-series structure of my data. I can see why it should be relevant to account for the underlying panel structure of the data -- for instance, that jump in GDP/inflation/reserves and any other variables between Argentina in 2006 and Brazil in 1990 may be a bit strange to account for. So, the first question is: do I need to take this panel structure into account? And if so, how? The other question is, do units matter? For instance, I know that factor analysis or PCA are all based on a variance-covariance matrix... but if I have two variables, x and y, and I take the covariance between the two of them, that'll be different than if I take the covariance of, say 2x and y: cov(x,y) <> cov(2x,y) and so what would happen if I express my GDP in dollars for all countries or in local-currency units?? Or in millions or in billions??? Thank you once again. Best, Adrian _________________________________________________________________ Hotmail® is up to 70% faster. Now good news travels really fast. http://windowslive.com/online/hotmail?ocid=PID23391::T:WLMTAGL:ON:WL:en-US:WM_HYGN_faster:082009 * * For searches and help try: * http://www.stata.com/help.cgi?search * http://www.stata.com/support/statalist/faq * http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/stata/

**Follow-Ups**:**RE: st: RE: Aren't distinct factors from factor analysis or PCA orthogonal to each other?***From:*"Verkuilen, Jay" <JVerkuilen@gc.cuny.edu>

**RE: st: RE: Aren't distinct factors from factor analysis or PCA orthogonal to each other?***From:*Cameron McIntosh <cnm100@hotmail.com>

**References**:**st: Aren't distinct factors from factor analysis or PCA orthogonal to each other?***From:*kokootchke <kokootchke@hotmail.com>

**st: RE: Aren't distinct factors from factor analysis or PCA orthogonal to each other?***From:*"Verkuilen, Jay" <JVerkuilen@gc.cuny.edu>

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