# st: RE: what does _N mean under by varlist in the -egen- and -gen-?

 From "Martin Weiss" To Subject st: RE: what does _N mean under by varlist in the -egen- and -gen-? Date Sat, 8 Aug 2009 14:34:15 +0200

```<>

I can most easily explain (1), (3) and (4), but not (2). In (2), it does
indeed seem that the -if- qualifier is evaluated for the overall dataset,
and not with respect to the -by- groups. When I change the very last
observation in the -input- statement given by gjhxmu, a.k.a. Rose to "0",
the -total- statement all of a sudden does produce values instead of
missings...

**********
clear
input family   sex
1     1
1     1
1     1
2     0
2     1
2     0
2     1
2     0
3     0
3     1
3     0
3     1
3     1
3     0

end

bys family: egen x=/*
*/total(sex) if sex[_N]==0

list, noobs sepby(fam)

replace sex=1 in l

bys family: egen xx=/*
*/total(sex) if sex[_N]==0

list, noobs sepby(fam)
**********

HTH
Martin

-----Original Message-----
From: owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu
[mailto:owner-statalist@hsphsun2.harvard.edu] On Behalf Of gjhxmu@sina.com
Sent: Samstag, 8. August 2009 11:40
To: statalist
Subject: st: what does _N mean under by varlist in the -egen- and -gen-?

Dear statalists,

I know that under by varlist: _N is interpreted within each group of
observations, not for the whole dataset.

However, I found the meaning _N in the -egen- is a little different.

Take the following for example,
clear
input family   sex
1     1
1     1
1     1
2     0
2     1
2     0
2     1
2     0
3     0
3     1
3     0
3     1
3     1
3     1

end
bys family: g x=sum(sex) if sex[_N]==0
bys family: egen xx=total(sex) if sex[_N]==0
bys family: g xxx=sex[_N]
bys family: egen xxxx=total(sex[_N]==0)
l,sepby(family) noobs

+------------------------------------+
| family   sex   x   xx   xxx   xxxx |
|------------------------------------|
|      1     1   .    .     1      0 |
|      1     1   .    .     1      0 |
|      1     1   .    .     1      0 |
|------------------------------------|
|      2     0   0    .     0      5 |
|      2     1   1    .     0      5 |
|      2     0   1    .     0      5 |
|      2     1   2    .     0      5 |
|      2     0   2    .     0      5 |
|------------------------------------|
|      3     0   .    .     1      0 |
|      3     1   .    .     1      0 |
|      3     0   .    .     1      0 |
|      3     1   .    .     1      0 |
|      3     1   .    .     1      0 |
|      3     1   .    .     1      0 |
+------------------------------------+

Based on the results, Obviously the meaning of _N in the first two is
different,
while the meaning of _N in the last two is the same.

Could anyone tell me why?

Thank you very much.

Best regards,
Rose.

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```